Anonymous Hacktivist Group
Anonymous is an international group that is dedicated to computer hacking, using the Internet as their main weapon. They were formed in the years between 2003 and 2004 originating from an imageboard web site named 4chan. Their members’ real identities are not known, as they are always maintaining anonymity within their operations and messages. They are represented by a logo of a headless suited man, than instead of a head has a question mark. The group has become famous for its forms of hacktivism, including forms of social engineering, web defacement, distributed-denial-of-service attacks (DDoS), and malware software. They are known to release videos using Guy Fawkes masks, a mask popularized by the movie V for Vendetta. The use of this mask represents a symbol for vengeance (hence the name of the movie in which is was popularized), which also means the purpose of the group, which is to ‘punish’ websites that are believed to violate privacy and other things. They are not single entity, but many communities of hackers that keep their identities anonymous (hence the name of the group). They are believed to being related to a number of websites, the main one being the already mentioned imageboard 4Chan, but also other sites including a number of forums. 4Chan, however, is a web site that offers ‘lolcats’, anime, and pornography. The videos they release in the Internet are usually spread through YouTube, and contain material like threats, information, chaotic messages, and almost always end with the phrase: “We are anonymous, we are legion, we do not forgive, we do not forget, wait for us”. They have also become popular using other popular social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter to publish their messages. They sometimes are referred to as “hactivists”, which means they act like activists but hacking computers using the Internet in order to carry out their objectives. They claim they don’t have a leader, but still act in a...
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