Annotated Biblography

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Amber Reese-Winsley
Mr. Guthrie
EH 101
11 April 2013
"Causes, Effects, and Prevention of Domestic Violence." Child Abuse and Domestic Violence. Melissa J. Doak. 2009 ed. Detroit: Gale, 2009. Information Plus Reference Series. Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 10 Apr. 2013

Doak focuses on the causes of domestic violence. Doak gives different causes for domestic violence such as: living in poverty, stress, depression, desperation, jealousy, and anger. However, much attention is devoted to the complex relationship between domestic violence and poverty. The writer uses the 1985 National Family Violence survey to show that serious physical acts of wife abuse are more likely to occur in poorer homes. The survey showed that families living at or below the poverty level had a rate of marital violence 500% greater than more affluent families. Doak has studied domestic violence for thirty years and is an author of social welfare; the article is academic peer-reviewed, so it is credible. I will use numbers from the survey taken in this article for my argument that poverty causes domestic violence. Hetling, Andrea, and Haiyan Zhang. "Domestic Violence, Poverty, And Social Services: Does Location Matter?." Social Science Quarterly (Blackwell Publishing Limited) 91.5 (2010): 1144-1163. Academic Search Premier. Web. 10 Apr. 2013. Helting and Haiyan show the similarities between domestic violence in poor households relative to upper-income households and the associated risk that poverty has on domestic violence. They investigate whether or not domestic violence agencies are located in areas of need. The average annual female intimate partner victimization rate per 1,000 persons between 2001 and 2005 increased annually compared to the steady period for women with annual household incomes over $50,000. In some situations, poverty may intensify the likelihood of experiencing domestic violence. With fewer options for economic self-sufficiency and social support...
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