17 April 2012
Animal Trafficking, I’m interested in this topic because I have known for a while about animal trafficking in Brazil. Animal trafficking is a really big issue in Brazil because there are a lot of endangers and different varied of species. Animal Trafficking became a major issue and know is one of the issue that many people are trying to help and stop. Animals from different part of the world are also being trafficked. It just isn’t animals its everything, for instance some plants that are grown in Brazil are as well-being trafficked but that is not what my topic is about. While animal trafficking has increased over the years, it is not a now issue. This has been going on for a while. According to Giovanni, he had said that “Five hundred years ago, when Europe began colonizing the world, voyagers returned with unknown animals as evidence of having discovered new continents. These animals drew attention and curiosity in Europe, and were soon exhibited and traded in the streets. The possession of wild animals was symbol of power, wealth, and nobility. This status and curiosity fueled the creation of a profitable business. Brazil has long been a prime source of “exotic” animals. With an area covering more than 8.47 million square kilometers, Brazil has one of the richest wildlife worldwide. It has the greatest number of species, with approximately 3,000 terrestrial vertebrates and 3,000 fresh water fishes. Brazil is the richest country in mammal diversity, with 524 species and ranks third in birds, with nearly 1,677 species, fourth in reptiles, with 468 species, and first in amphibians, with 517 species.” Traffickers would steal Brazilian living resources to four markets. The first market is made up of collectors and private zoos. Although the collectors and private zoos hold illegally extracted animals, many in fact have government authorization to operate. Private collectors are generally extremely wealthy individuals who maintain collections for reasons of vanity. Although this is a serious problem in Brazil, the problem is far more extensive abroad since these collectors are out of the reach of Brazilian law. Supplying private collections is perhaps the most destructive type of wildlife trafficking because its primary focus is the most endangered species; the rarer the species the higher an animal’s value. Some examples of how animals are being distributed from Brazil to other countries. In Giovanni’s Taking Animal trafficking out of the Shadows, he tells us how some animals survive and be put into private homes, how they were being transported, and many other traumatizing situations that animals go through just to go where there new homes will be. “The lear’s macaw, for example, fetches US$60,000 on the international market Pet animals are the third market. Boas, turtles, macaws, marmosets, and many other creatures are captured; the few that survive end up in private homes in the United States, Europe, Asia, or elsewhere. The fourth category, fauna products, consists of parts of animals, such as reptile skins or bird feathers, which are used as ornaments and in crafts that cater to the fashion market.” Within Brazil, most animals that are stolen are being transported by trafficker’s networking operating across highways in trucks, buses, and cars. Corruption and fraud often facilitate the process. Giovanni has said that the Brazilian police supports this issue because most that are station in airport and what not are credited. “According to the Brazilian Federal Police, smuggling is likely to be supported and facilitated by government officers assigned to strategic positions such as ports, airports, and customs offices; on the international side, researchers acting for international traffickers use government-issued credentials. The species in Brazil are a...