Analysis of Pakistani Carpet Industries

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  • Topic: Carpet, Loom, Pile
  • Pages : 16 (4066 words )
  • Download(s) : 167
  • Published : January 9, 2011
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INTRODUCTION

The carpet industry plays a vital role in the economy of Pakistan. Pakistan is amongst the world’s largest producers and exporters of hand-knotted Oriental carpets. It is not only a major earner of foreign exchange for the economy as a whole but it also contributes to the relief of poverty in rural areas. Families can easily enter carpet-making as an occupation as it requires few infrastructural facilities. It does not require electricity, water, etc. A wooden loom, yarn and knotting skill are needed to make carpets. According to the Pakistan Carpet Manufacturers and Exporters Association (PCMEA, 2003) there are 150000-200000 looms in the country. The number of weavers is estimated around 200000-250000. Carpet making takes place in all the four provinces of Pakistan.

HISTORY

The carpet is the one of finest and most exquisite form of expression and has more than 2,500 years old history. The Iranians were amongst the first carpet weaver of the ancient civilizations and, through Centuries of creativity and ingenuity building upon the talents of the past, achieved a unique degree of excellence. The carpet industry plays a vital role in the economy of Pakistan. It is not only a major earner of foreign exchange for the economy as a whole but it also contributes to the relief of poverty in rural areas. It is basically a cottage industry spread all over Pakistan, especially in remote rural areas. It is a major source of income for families who have few other sources of livelihood, apart from marginal agriculture. Families can easily enter carpet-making as an occupation as it requires few infrastructural facilities. Unlike other industries it does not require electricity, water, etc. A wooden loom, yarn and knotting skill are needed to make carpets. Another advantage for the rural families is that they can do the work inside their homes. Because the work takes place inside homes, female members of the family can also participate in this economic activity. The carpet industry is totally indigenous as even the machines used are manufactured locally. Ornamental (rugs) carpets have from the been a part of the Islamic culture as it achieved unprecedented heights in Baghdad, Damascus, Cordova, Delhi and in the fabled cities of Central Asia. References to carpets in Arabic and Persian literature are numerous. Where Muslim culture has flourished, carpet weaving has been a part of the scene. This is especially true of the Arab Middle East and Central Asian areas which have seen the flowering of Muslim culture at its best. Historians believe that carpet making was introduced to the region now constituting Pakistan as far back as the 11th century with the coming of the first Muslim conquerors the Ghaznavids and the Ghauris. During the Mughal period the carpets made in the Indo-Pak Sub-Continent became so famous that there was mounting demand for them abroad. These carpets have distinctive designs and boasted a rich knotting density. The tradition has remained strong over the last 400 years, although it has had ups and down during this period. After the partition of the Sub-Continent in 1947 to establish the new Muslim State of Pakistan, most of the Muslims migrated to Pakistan, settled down either in Lahore or in Karachi. It is these people who formed the backbone of the carpet industry in Pakistan. The type of carpet used is not mass-market domestic floor covering but is more appropriately characterized as part of the exotic ‘rug’ trade. The rugs are individually made from a process of knotting with a unique pattern rather than mass-produced. In the world market such rugs are best known as ‘Persian’ rugs and Turkish rugs although Iran and Turkey is not the sole supplier. According to the Pakistan Carpet Manufacturers and Exporters Association (PCMEA, 2003) there are 150000-200000 looms in the country. The number of weavers is estimated around 200000-250000. Carpet making takes place in all the four provinces of...
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