Analysis: Czech Republic

Topics: Separation of powers, Judiciary, United States Pages: 3 (841 words) Published: March 8, 2013
The Czech Republic is an often overlooked nation that shares a border with Germany to the west, Poland to the northeast, Slovakia to the east, and Austria to the south. The history of the Czech Republic has been marred by repression and internal strife since the formation of the nation. What is now known as the Czech Republic was once known as the communist Czechoslovakia. When the communist regime fell out of power in 1989, the socioeconomic reforms that occurred thereafter caused a disproportionate amount of subsidized industry between the two regions of the nation. Consequently, the Czechoslovakian nation separated into the two nations of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Shortly thereafter, the Czech Republic drafted a new constitution for the nation that was effective January 1st of 1993. The new government allowed provisions to quickly privatize nationalized businesses and create a national stock market, which was a major step forward for the country in terms of freedom and business opportunities. (Colombia University, P., 2009, 1-2)

Following the institution of the Czech Republic’s constitution in 1993, the nation became a parliamentary democracy. The parliament system of democracy found in the Czech Republic is similar to the system found in that of Great Britain. The new constitution created an executive, legislative, and judiciary branch. In the executive branch, there are three sections of power; the president, the prime minister, and the cabinet. The president is considered to be the Head of State but the prime minister holds most of the executive power. The legislative branch is comprised of a bicameral parliament that is similar to the United States’ legislative setup. The two houses are called the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. The houses have two-hundred and eighty-one members respectively. Once again similar to the United States and other democratic nations, the legislative branch has a certain number of members for each of the thirteen...
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