An Unfair Punishment

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1: sura, 2.225(Ayat ul Kursi)

A:Theme:
Theme of this long verse is God himself. It’s a verse of sura al-baqara, a Madni sura. It begins with the expression of the shahada (declaration of oneness of God) and then elaborates various aspects of unity of God that make him matchless God is fee from all weaknesses and limitations, has perfect knowledge of all times, is not dependent on anyone for his survival and enjoys autonomy in exercising His authority. His authority and his rule encompass the entire universe. This makes God not only unique but also elevates him to the heights, we just can’t imagine and that is mentioned in the Quran as: “then he established himself on the throne” (10:3, 13:2)

B:Importance of the Theme:
This passage tells Muslims to believe in Tawhid in terms of God’s uniqueness, majesty and glory. The theme is important for Muslims as it crystallizes the belief of Tawhid and trains them to condemn shirk. There is repetitive mention of God’s authority, unlimited knowledge and powers in order to strengthen the faith of its readers. For example, it says “He is exalted in power, Wise. He created the heavens without any pillars”31:9-10, luqman) and “but God is the one free of all wants “(35:15,Fatir). The objective is to remind Muslims that God alone is to be worshipped and no authority can be compared with him. Many Muslims recite this verse regularly to reiterate God’s power and high position as compared to any worldly authority.

2: Surah: 6. 101—103(Al-An’aam)

A: Theme:
Theme of this passage is God in Himself. It elaborates some of the fundamental aspects of unity of God (Tawhid). It describes God as the originator of universe and rejects any kind of misconception of God having any family. It also refers to His unbounded knowledge, power and grasp on His created world. The passage further stresses on the sublime nature of God and inability of human imagination to encompass God’s person, though He himself can see to the unfathomable depths, as endorsed elsewhere in the Quran: “for God is He Who understands the finest mysteries” (22:63).

B: Importance of the theme
This passage is important for Muslims to clearly understand the doctrine of Tawhid in terms of God’s nature and powers. Muslims need to learn that though God is too sublime to be perceived, He is everywhere and all powerful. The Quran reminds Muslims this repeatedly: “and He is with you where ever you are” (57:04, Al-hadid), and “for We are nearer to him (man) than his jugular vein” (50:16, Qaf). The passage also categorically negates the false belief of God having any wife or children and thus, it strikes at the roots of shirk (associating partners with God). Muslims, in this way, develop a clearer concept of tawhid and feel themselves bound to adore God only. They remember that shirk is the only unpardonable sin in the sight of God.

3: sura 41.37(Surah Fussilat)

A: Theme:
This verse is from sura fussilat\Ha-Mim, an early makkan sura, it describes the theme of God in Himself. It mentions some of the signs and phenomena of nature that reflect God’s unity and majesty. It refers to the cycles of day and night as evidence of divinity. The quran supports it elsewhere as: “behold! In the creation of the heavens and earth; in the alternation of the night and the day….are signs for the people who are wise’’ (2:164). The passage commands us to worship the Creator of the sun and moon and not the creations themselves because the Creator is always superior to the creations

B: Importance of the theme:
Theme of this passage urges Muslims to observe various objects of nature that reflect God’s presence, majesty and glory. Since humans can not afford to see God physically, they are asked to identify the real creator through his creations that bear witness to is existence. Such observation encourages Muslims to develop a strong belief in Tawhid in all its aspects. The Quran, for this reason, frequently refers...
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