An Successful Enlighten Thinker: John Locke
John Locke (1632-1704) is a Philosopher and Physician. He was known as one of the most affective Founding Father of Enlighten movement. Because of his past occupation, who used to persuade to become a doctor, he understood how people's lives, and what was the best form of government that they need. Locke's theories in the Second Treaty of Government and An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, and his State of Nature, for examples, have influenced people and government system with his belief of man's political nature that people have certain right in society and they willingly give up their highly valued autonomy in order to live peacefully and comfortable under one united government that enforces rules and regulation that protect its people According to John Locke's State of Nature, he believed human being was born to have some certain right. One of them is a state of freedom; he said that all man were naturally in state of perfect freedom to order their action and disposed of their possessions and persons as they thought without any bounds of the law of nature or depending upon the will of any other man. It means that individuals have freedom on life and making decision. Equality is the second state which all man was equal with natural right that no king or other man had power to voice because each individual was born equally with " all the same advantages of nature, and the use of the same faculties." He also argued “Men living according to reason, without a common superior on earth, to judge between them, are property the state of nature."(Two Treaties 2.19). Although all man has freedom to do their wants, they cannot harm or use on other people because of their profits. It is called a state of liberty. Locke defended “the state of nature has a law of nature to govern it, which obliges every one; and reason, which is that law, teaches all mankind who will but consult it, that, being all equal and independent, no...
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