1. Explain the mood of this passage.
The mood of the passage is persuasive angry admonitory.
2. Using specific examples, give one example of a metaphor, one example of a simile, and one example of an allusion that Edwards uses in this passage from the sermon to elicit this particular mood. An example of a metaphor is “fire of wrath.” An example of a simile would be “and you would be like the chaff on the summer threshing floor.” The allusion that Jonathan Edward uses in the passage is “Hell.”
3. What specific words (minimum of three) does he choose to make his tone clear? Words that Jonathan uses to make his tone clear are “consider the fearful danger you are in.”
4. What images (pictures in the listeners' mind) does Edwards use in the passage to make his tone clear? What effect do those images have on establishing the tone of the piece? Edward uses “spider hanging over furnace by string held by a big hand that could drop in any time” to make his tone clear. An effect that the image has on establishing the tone of the piece would be a fearful effect.
5. In the last two paragraphs of the sermon (refer to the Investigate page of this lesson) Edwards talks about an "extraordinary opportunity" his congregation has. What is this opportunity? How does his sermon persuade the congregation to take advantage of this opportunity? The opportunity that Edwards is talking about is “Christ has thrown the door of mercy wide open, and stands calling and crying with a loud voice to poor sinners.” The emphasis that Edwards put behind his words persuaded the congregation to take advantage of the opportunity.