Ambition in Macbeth - the Soliloquy

Topics: Macbeth, William Shakespeare, Duncan I of Scotland Pages: 24 (10144 words) Published: December 11, 2012
The soliloquy
Definition & analysis of soliloquy: “to be or not to be” The soliloquy: is the act of talking to oneself silently or allowed. In drama it’s a convention by which a character alone on stage utters his thoughts allowed; the playwright uses this device as a convenient way to convey directly to the audience information about a character’s motives, intentions and state of mind, as well as or purposes of general exposition. The soliloquies punctuate hat play at significant points, they are a privileged moments for the character who can verbalize his thoughts (confused so far) they are also considered as a privileged moment for the audience who gets to know more, it is a sort of intellectual self fulfillment, the audience does get to know more. Hamlet is outraged by god, but somehow he does not know how he feels. In his situation, his father comes to ask him to revenge him which is the dilemma, he is confused and resistant. The audience need the soliloquy of what hamlet is feeling. A related stage device is the device in which a character explains his thoughts or intentions in a short speech which by invention is inaudible to the other characters on stage. Different interpretations of Hamlet:

For many readers, hamlet remains an imaginative work which has been called a “great poetical puzzle”. Hamlet has caused more discussion than any other character in fiction, dramatic or non-dramatic. Many have been disturbed by what have been called: the two Hamlet in the play”. 1- The true sensitive young intellectual and idealist; the sweet prince, who expresses himself in unforgettable poetry. 2- The other, a barbaric who treats Ophelia cruelty and kills Polonius. Hamlet, a tragic hero who has a clear and sacred obligation to kill Claudius and to do so without delay; the basic question then is: why does so much time elapse before revenge? 1- 1st interpretation: hamlet is the victim of external difficulties, which makes immediate positive action impossible. Claudius was too powerful and did not place himself in a defensive position. Hamlet as a young man, attractive and gifted in many ways, he is incapable of positive action. For them: “the native hue of resolution is sicklied over with a pale of cast of thought”. There are several passages in the play which seem to support such an interpretation. For Gwerty, hamlet is “a young man of lovely, pure and moral nature” without the strength of nerve which forms the hero. Many English leading romantics arrived at the same conclusion. For Coleridge, for instance, hamlet is the creature of mere meditation and loses his power to action. This romantic view of hamlet has survived into the 20th century and one modern critic could state: “Hamlet is full of purpose but void of that quality of mind which accomplishes purpose”. 3- Hamlet, the victim of excessive melancholy recognized as a disease, he has been called as the Melancholy Dane. Hamlet’s grief is pathological; it is distinctive and causes him to hesitate leading to his death. 4- 4th interpretation: hamlet the victim of the Oedipus complex, usually in the age of seven, pathology comes and he loves so much his mother that he cannot understand that she shares her love with Claudius. This Fraudian or Neo-freiun interpretation of hamlet appears too many people today. According to this theory, hamlet suffers from Oedipus complex which is unhealthy attachment of a son with his mother which can be surpassed a cause great mental distress. This ingenious theory motivates hamlet delay by identifying him with Claudius through whom he had accomplished the Oedipal act of murdering the father and marrying the mother. 5- 5th interpretation: Hamlet motivated by ambition: for many commentators, the primary reason for hamlet’s desire to kill his uncle is not to avenge him, but to make possible his own advancement to the throne. 6- One last theory, hamlet mislead by the ghost: the ghost of hamlet’s father is not an honest ghost, it is...
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