Alvar Aalto

Topics: Alvar Aalto, Finland, Nordic Classicism Pages: 3 (438 words) Published: December 6, 2012
Alvar Aalto


Life of Alvar Aalto

Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto was born on February 3rd, 1898 and passed away May 11th, 1976. He was a brilliant Finnish architect and designer. Most of his work was a combination of architecture, furniture and glassware. Alvar Aalto was born in Kuortane, Finland. He returned to Jyvaskyla where he opened his first architecture office in 1923. He then later moved his office to Turku in 1927 and teamed up with another architect Erik Bryggman.

Art and reputation
Although Aalto was sometimes referred to as the first and the most influential architects of Nordic modernism, a closer look at historical facts reveals how Aalto (while a pioneer in Finland) closely followed and had personal contacts with other pioneers in Sweden, in particular Gunnar Asplund and Sven Markelius. But what they and many others of that generation in the Nordic countries had in common was that they started off from a classical education and were first designing in the so-called Nordic Classicism style before moving, in the late 1920s, towards Modernism. In Aalto's case this is epitomized by the Viipuri Library (1927-35)


Viipuri Library


Aalto’s wide range of work included funiture and glassware, mostly designs to architecture and painting. His many designs are world-famous amd he is also the founder of a new form of ply wood furniture.

Some of his buildings


Detail of Baker House facade onto the Charles River.

Helsinki Univ. of Tech. Auditorium.


The Aalto-Theater opera house in Essen,Germany

Some of Aalto’s glassware

Designed in 1932 by Alvar Aalto.
(These glasses won the gold medal at the Milan Triennale. Aino was perhaps inspired to create this shape after inheriting her husband’s last name, which is Finnish for water.)

Alvar Aalto 1937 vases


Alvar Aalto clear vases

Light fittings by alvar aalto...
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