Agency Structure: Public Budgeting and Finance


Assignment 1: Agency Structure
Ja Nae’ Roberts
Dr. Stephen Kenealy
PAD 505: Public Budgeting and Finance
October 28, 2012

Administrative Structure of Federal Government
The first agency chosen is the U.S. Coast Guard. “The U.S. Coast Guard is one of the five armed forces of the United States and the only military organization within the Department of Homeland Security” (U.S. Coast, 2012). The USCG is located within the military division of the Department of Homeland Security, thus it is not considered an independent agency but an executive department. The U.S. Forest Service, established in 1905, is an agency of U.S. Department of Agriculture and manages public lands in national forests and grasslands (U.S. Forest, 2012). Unknown to most, national grasslands and forests include 193 million acres of land equivalent to the size of the state of Texas. The USFS is an executive agency and is seated within the agricultural department of the Unites States of America (U.S. Forest, 2012). The third agency selected is the U.S. Geological Survey. “The USGS is a science organization that provides impartial information on the health of our ecosystems and environment, the natural hazards that threaten us, the natural resources we rely on, the impacts of climate and land-use change, and the core science systems that help us provide timely, relevant, and useable information” (U.S. Geological, 2011). The USGS is considered a sole scientific agency within the administrative structure. This agency is considered a factual research organization, and is structured as an executive agency within the Department of the Interior, and there is no regulatory accountability of this organization needed (U.S. Geological, 2011).

The fourth agency chosen is the U.S. Secret Service. The USSS was established in 1865 to suppress counterfeiting of U.S. currency. In 1867 the responsibilities of the U.S. Secret Service was expanded to include "detecting persons perpetrating frauds against the government” (U.S. Secret, 2012).  In 1901, after the assassination of President William McKinley, Congress informally requested the U.S. Secret Service to protect the President of the United States. In 1902 the U.S. Secret Service began to protect the President of the United States full-time. However, the USSS currently protects national and visiting foreign leaders and assists with criminal investigations as mandated by Congress (U.S. Secret, 2012). This agency has been under the Department of Homeland Security since March 1, 2003, once it was transferred from the Department of the Treasury. It is considered an executive agency and is defined as law enforcement within the federal government (U.S. Secret, 2012). Jurisdiction of Appropriate Subcommittees

The U.S. Senate Appropriation Committee is the largest committee within the U.S. Senate. The U.S. Constitution defines its role as stating “appropriations made by law” before the disbursement of funds from the federal treasury (U.S. Committee, n.d.). These funds are released on an annual basis to numerous organizations, departments, and government agencies. There are 12 subcommittees that draft legislation that identifies how funds are to be allocated to various agencies within their jurisdictions (U.S. Committee, n.d.). Once the legislation has been drafted it is then sent to the full Senate Appropriations Committee where it will be reviewed, and modified if necessary, and sent along to the full Senate to be considered (U.S. Committee, n.d.). The U.S. Coast Guard and the U.S. Secret Service both are positioned within the Homeland Security appropriations subcommittee. The U.S. Geological Survey and the U.S. Forest Service can be found within the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies appropriations subcommittee. Functional Classification of Federal Budget

The federal budget is organized by 19 major...
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