History of the Secret Service

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The history and duties of the Secret Service
Christopher L. Mintze
CRJ175 W-1

The purpose of this paper is to inform the reader of the history and duties of the Secret Service. In this paper I will give you a chronological timeline of the United States Secret Service. From its creation in 1865 by President Lincoln through its current day duties will be explored.

The history and duties of the Secret Service

The history of the secret service is a very interesting one. During this paper I plan to give you a glimpse into some of the things the secret service is responsible for. I picked this subject because after doing some reading I learned some interesting things about the Secret Service, and I hope to share some of them with you. The Secret Service got its beginnings in 1865, by the Secretary of the Treasury Hugh McCulloch. At that time they were created to suppress counterfeit currency. The first Chief of the Secret Service was William P. Wood who was sworn into office on July 5, 1865. In 1867 the Secret Service’s responsibilities were broadened to detecting persons perpetrating frauds against the government. Those responsibilities resulted in investigations into the Ku Klux Klan, distillers that weren’t conforming to the laws. There were also investigations into smugglers, mail robbers, land frauds, and other crimes against federal laws. From 1870 through 1875 not a lot happened, the Secret Service headquarters was moved twice once in 1870 to New York City. The second time it moved was in 1874 back to Washington D.C. which was the last time it was relocated. In 1875 the first commission book was created for the Secret Service. That same year the new badges were issued to operatives. In 1877 based on the investigations and information from the Secret Service, Congress passed an Act prohibiting the counterfeiting of on coin, gold, or silver bar. And in 1883 the Secret Service was officially acknowledged as a official and distinct organization within the Treasury Department. And in 1894 the Secret Service got its first presidential assignment with the informal part-time protection of President Cleveland. In 1895 Congress passed a corrective legislation for the counterfeiting or possession of counterfeit stamps. That was done based on the reports and investigations of the Secret Service. 1n 1901 thru 1906 the Secret Service took a more informal active role in Presidential protection. In 1901 congress informally requested Secret Service protection for the President after the assassination of President William McKinley. Then in 1902 the Secret Service assumed full time responsibility for protection of the President. At that time the full time White House Detail was two operatives. Also congress passed the Sundry Civil Expenses Act for 1907 that provided funds for Presidential protection by the Secret Service. Furthermore in 1906 the Secret Service began to investigate the western land frauds. Their investigation returned millions of acres of land to the government. In 1908 the Secret Service took a more official role in protecting the President and also the President-Elect while branching out to other things. In 1908 Congress formally requested the Secret Service to start protecting the president-elect. Also during that year President Roosevelt transferred some Secret Service agents to the Department of Justice. They helped form the base of what is now the Federal Bureau of Investigations. Starting in 1913 it started becoming about the expansion of the Secret Service. In 1913 Congress authorized permanent protection of the president and statutory protection of the president-elect. In 1915 President Wilson ordered the Secretary of Treasury to investigate espionage in the United States. From 1917 thru 1930 the Secret Service kept expanding to bigger things in the White house and protection details. In 1917 Congress authorized permanent protection of the president’s immediate...
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