Age Verification Systems and Closed User Groups in Germany

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Internationales Institut für Management

Age Verification Systems and Closed User Groups in Germany

Term paper

Media Law Regulations in Germany

Umut Dogdu Matrikel nummer : 541958

Supervisor: Mr. Stefan Götz, The International Institute of Management and Economic Education

Flensburg, March 2013

Contents
Abbreviations Introduction 1. 2. Overview to the Protection of Youth in Germany Interstate Treaty on the Protection of Human Dignity and the Protection of Minors in Broadcasting and in Telemedia - JMStV 2.1 2.2 3. 4. 5. 5.1 5.2 5.3 Illegal Content and Responsibilities of the Providers Overview to the Sanctions and Administrative Offences Competences of the KJM Closed User Groups Age Verification Systems Current Criteria of the KJM Concept of the Plausible Age Verification System Concept of the Reliable Age Verification System 5.3.1 5.3.2 6. Identification Authentification

Conclusion

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Abbreviations

JMStV :

Interstate Treaty on the Protection of Human Dignity and the Protection of Minors in Broadcasting and in Telemedia

BPJS : FSF : RstV : JuSchG : TKG : KJM : AVS : CUG :

Federal Department for Media Harmful to Young Persons The Voluntary Self-Regulation of Television Interstate Treaty on Broadcasting and Telemedia Protection of Young Persons Act -Jugendschutzgesetz Telecommunications Act Commission for the Protection of Minors in the Media Age Verification System Closed User Group

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Introduction
Media accessibility via internet is rapidly increasing within the last decade. Reaching every kind of data,including media content have become easier due to the widespread internet access and fastly improving technologies, especially mobile devices. Likewise providers have found an opportunity to reach the user faster and easier than before. Although benefits of improvement of internet technologies are inestimable, technologies can also bring risks. Nowadays communication technologies help not only reaching information but also harmful content which is harmful for the minors, usually for people under pecific age. Lots of scientific researches shows us that these harmful contents such as pornography and violence have impairable effects on growing of minors. Such Undesirable minors' contact with harmful contents necessitates some new regulations on providing content in internet. Luckily, there are already some public institutions, nongovernmental organizations working towards protecting minors from harmful media content. For the case study about harmful content regulations and minors protection. I am going to look at the situation in Germany, that there is no other country in western society having such system . German regulations and laws against harmful content, especially pornography, have lots of similarities with other western countries. For example age limit regulations up to 16 or 18 years for buying pornographic content or time scheduling for softcore broadcasting like after 22:00 or 23:00. But pornographic and any other adult materials webcasting has very strict rules in Germany compared to other EU countries. German media laws made to reach harmful material in internet very hard for children and adolescents via unique webcasting regulations without national level censorship like in China, Iran or North Korea. Elaborate legal base was grounded for internet media by Interstate Treaty on the Protection of minors (further JMStV) . The Commission of the Protection of Minors in the Media (further KJM) is appointed by JMStV, which determines current criteria of technical procedures of the internet media regulations about protecting of minors. Internet is the hardest media field to control but the Age verification systems (further AVS) and Closed user group (further CUG) procedures made the criteria of KJM as the most effective solutions against harmful content in internet media. The main objective of this work was to summarize German media regulations about protecting minors from...
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