The influence of Julius Nyerere in Africa
Julius Nyerere was born in 1922 in Butiama, Taganyika, where the population was living in conditions of poverty and tension between the tribes such as the Masai, the Sukuma, the Bantu, the Nyamwezi and the Chagga. Following the Berlin Conference in 1884-1885, Tanganyika was awarded to Germany. The Germans brutalized the population and created division. On several occasions they rebelled such as in the brutal Maji Maji Rebellion, but were massacred by the power of German arms. At the end of World War I, the administration of Tanganyika was given to Britain by the League of Nations through the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. The resolution was to administrate the territory until the people would be able to develop and auto-govern (Macdonald, 1966). This colony had a good farming land and was a really good place for trade. In Tanganyika there was inequality, oppression, ignorance, poverty, disease and lacked unity as a nation. During this period, the Europeans were afraid of the idea of decolonization. Nyerere was the son of the chief of the Wasanaki tribe and had the opportunity to live and learn what democracy was by studying in Edinburgh, Britain. Throughout his life, Nyerere often known as Mwalimu (the teacher) united the different tribes and helped them achieve coherence as a nation with his socialist ideas that he learnt in Britain. He also formed the Tanganyika African National Union. In 1961, Tanganyika gained independence from Britain and Nyerere was elected Prime Minister of his country. Later, Tanganyika united with Zanzibar and formed Tanzania. Julius Nyerere was elected president of Tanzania in 1964 and created the philosophy called Ujamaa. Julius Nyerere changed the history of Africa. Julius Nyerere led to a change in Africa with the creation of the Tanganyikan African National Union in 1954. He chose to become a politician instead of a teacher. Nyerere turned the TANU into a strong political party. The TANU...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document