The Problem and Its Setting
Culture defines a country’s identity. It molds and hones a country from its humble beginning to what it is today. As time progresses, the country and its people adapt to its changing environment, as well as their culture parallel with what they were before and what they are now.
Tourism promotes international camaraderie. It promotes experience and proper understanding of the culture and the lifestyle of foreign countries. Unfortunately, these activities expose the indigenous culture of one’s country to foreign influences which lead to cultural degradation.
This paper and its researchers aim to identify the different effects of modernization through tourism on the Aeta Tribe’s culture in Marcos Village, Mabalacat, Pampanga in terms of their lifestyle and how it affects the country’s cultural preservation.
Background of the Study
Mabalacat became a town in 1712. It was named after the “Balacat” tree a fourth class Timber. “Mabalacat means full of “Balacat’. Then a settlement was established by a negrito tribe healed by a chieftain name Caragan, the area was a virtual forest of ‘Balacat’ trees. Marcos Village is a barangay of Mabalacat, Pampanga Central of Luzon, Philippines. The municipality Mabalacat with a population of about 203,307 and its 27 barangays belongs to the urban areas in the Philippines. Marcos Village had 2,329 residents by the end of 2007. Mabalacat became the first class municipality in July 1996. One of the barangay, Marcos Village an authentic Aeta village is complete with their tribal rituals and its customs are inhabited by Negritos who live in bungalow houses and are able to speak English.
The Aetas being one of the tribes in the Philippines inhabiting the mountains and utilizing the resources in the forest for their daily needs has slowly moved to the urban areas as years passed. The culture and beliefs they have inherited from their...