The Problem and Its Setting
Culture defines a country’s identity. It molds and hones a country from its humble beginning to what it is today. As time progresses, the country and its people adapt to its changing environment, as well as their culture parallel with what they were before and what they are now.
Tourism promotes international camaraderie. It promotes experience and proper understanding of the culture and the lifestyle of foreign countries. Unfortunately, these activities expose the indigenous culture of one’s country to foreign influences which lead to cultural degradation.
This paper and its researchers aim to identify the different effects of modernization through tourism on the Aeta Tribe’s culture in Marcos Village, Mabalacat, Pampanga in terms of their lifestyle and how it affects the country’s cultural preservation.
Background of the Study
Mabalacat became a town in 1712. It was named after the “Balacat” tree a fourth class Timber. “Mabalacat means full of “Balacat’. Then a settlement was established by a negrito tribe healed by a chieftain name Caragan, the area was a virtual forest of ‘Balacat’ trees. Marcos Village is a barangay of Mabalacat, Pampanga Central of Luzon, Philippines. The municipality Mabalacat with a population of about 203,307 and its 27 barangays belongs to the urban areas in the Philippines. Marcos Village had 2,329 residents by the end of 2007. Mabalacat became the first class municipality in July 1996. One of the barangay, Marcos Village an authentic Aeta village is complete with their tribal rituals and its customs are inhabited by Negritos who live in bungalow houses and are able to speak English.
The Aetas being one of the tribes in the Philippines inhabiting the mountains and utilizing the resources in the forest for their daily needs has slowly moved to the urban areas as years passed. The culture and beliefs they have inherited from their forefathers have remained and this has greatly caught the attention of the tourists who visit to witness their traditions. As they exercise their traditional dance wearing their tribal costumes, tourists have noticed the uniqueness of their practices as these are forms of unique arts and can barely be seen in this modern world.
These tribe people have been able to seek opportunities to earn a living through their tribal practices and traditions being one of the attractions for tourist. They have moved to the urban areas and adapted their urban living but keeping their culture as a respect to their beliefs and it became one of their ways to sustain their daily needs in their new environment. Living in a modern society could also mean coping up with its trends and adjusting to living with modernization. While modernization is vastly spreading and the Aetas are being exposed to it because of tourism, it is important to know how this affects the culture of these tribesmen in Marcos Village, Mabalacat, Pampanga. This study is aimed to discover the effects of modernization to their practices, traditions, beliefs and to their tribe as a whole.
Statement of the Problem
The study will focus on the effects of Cultural Modernization on the Aeta tribe in Marcos Village, Mabalacat, Pampanga;
1. What is the profile of the respondents in terms of the following variables: 1.1 Age
1.3 Civil Status
1.4 Educational Attainment
1.5 Length of Residency
2. What are the factors that made the tribe decide to use tourism in order to sustain their culture?
3. What are the specific measures that tourism did to help preserve the culture of the Aeta Tribe in Pampanga?
4. How do these tribes cope up with the modern changes that are happening in their surroundings?
5. Definition of the livelihood of the Aeta Tribe and its impact to the new generation.
The conceptual framework below are regards to...