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Abu Simbel Formal and Symbolic Aspect

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Abu Simbel Formal and Symbolic Aspect

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  • December 13, 2012
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|University of Virginia | |Abu Simbel temples | |History of Architecture I ARH 1010/7010 | | | |Ismaëlia Déjoie | |12/6/2012 |

|Research paper |

Abu Simbel: the great temple of Egypt.

The Abu Simbel temples, located in Nubia , Egypt, were built during the reign of Pharaoh Ramses II and his queen Nefetari, in the 13th century BC. The twin temples were carved out of the Nubian mountainside in commemoration of their victory at the Battle of Kaldesh. The construction of the temples incorporated several Egyptian techniques and materials. The monument surrounded by a brick wall, occupied a place between the sandstone cliffs and the river. The rock-cut façade of Ramses' temple is the front of a pylon in front of which are four colossal seated figures of Ramses. The colossal interior also involved a large amount of workforce and energy because of it’s multiple hypostile halls, chambers, pillars and megalictic statues. In this paper I will argue that although the primary reason for the erecting of the temple was to commemorate Ramses’ victory at the Battle of Kaldesh[1], the patron also...