Abraham Licoln Outline

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Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln presidential outline

I. Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809 and died on April 15, 1865 II. State: Lincoln was born in the state of Kentucky, and ran for president in Illinois. III. Educational and Occupational background: Abrahams step mother, Sarah, encouraged Abraham to read. It was while growing into manhood that he received his formal education (an estimated total of 18 months) a few days or weeks at a time. Reading material was in short supply in the Indiana wilderness. Neighbors recalled how Abraham would walk for miles to borrow a book. Occupationally: he was a lawyer and a former representative and president of the United States of America. IV. Dates of the term or terms of office: In office from March 4, 1861 to April 15, 1865 V. Issues prominent in each election: The issue of the presidential election of 1860 was bound to be slavery. Battles over the spread of slavery to new territories and states had wrapped up the United States throughout the 1850s, and were especially intensified by the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854. VI. Opponent(s) by term: In the election of 1860 they were John C. Breckinridge, John Bell, and Stephan A. Douglas. VII. Vice President by term: in 1860 it was Andrew Johnson and in 1864 it was Hannibal Hamlin VIII. Political party: Republican

IX. Major domestic/political happenings: A. Abraham Lincoln (1861) - 1. Becomes president of the United States of America on March 4, 1861. B. Beginning of the American civil war (1861) – 2. The war had its origin in the fractious issue of slavery, and, after four years of bloody combat (mostly in the South). C. The first battle of Bull run (1861) – 3. The First Battle of Bull Run was a major wake up call to the North. Union Forces were routed by Beauregard’s forces. It was a hint that this would be a long and bloody war and would call for new leadership and better training to prepare the federal troops for sustained action on the battlefield. D. The Homestead act (1862) – 4.The Homestead Act is one of several United States federal laws that gave an applicant freehold title to up to 160 acres. E. Legal tender act (1862) – 5.The U.S. Congress passed the Legal Tender Act which authorized the use of paper notes to pay the government's bills. This ended the long-standing policy of using only gold or silver in transactions and it also allowed the government to finance the extremely expensive Civil War long after its gold and silver reserves were used up. F. Conscription of 1862 – 6. All able-bodied unmarried white men eighteen to thirty-five years of age, and later seventeen to 50 years of age, were eligible for a 3 year service under the draft, but the law's effectiveness was weakened by its exemptions and provisions for substitution. G. Battle of Antietam (1862) – 7. This battle was the first major battle in the American Civil War to take place on Union soil. It was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history, with about 23,000 dead, wounded and missing on both sides combined. H. Battle of Gettysburg and Vicksburg (1863) – 8. North had lost a few more men, they were in control of the battlefield and still had 4 times as many men on the field than did the south. Lee was forced to abandon the field and his "Northern Campaign" and head back south out of Pennsylvania. Against the advice of some of his most trusted generals, he had taken the offensive at Gettysburg and had failed and had left his army in a position where it would never again be able to take the fight to the Union army. At Vicksburg, the very next day, the Union's western army commanded by U.S. Grant, defeated the southern forces which had been holding the city during a long siege. Vicksburg was the last southern stronghold on the Mississippi River and by taking this...
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