Abraham in the Bible and the Quran

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Comparative Analysis of Abraham in the Bible and the Quran
The three major religions in the world today – Judaism, Christianity, and Islam—all view Abraham as a very important figure. The term Abrahamic religions, which are summarized as monotheistic faiths tracing their common origin to Abraham, aroused as the three major religions each perceive him as a either their founder or at least a forefather of the religion. Although the three religions recognize Abraham as an important person in their past, each religion views him this way for a different reason. In this comparative analysis, I will be analyzing Abraham in the different religions and how he is portrayed in the Book of Genesis and the Quran. In Judaism, Abraham is claimed the father of the Jews. Abraham is above all an admired Patriarch to whom God called out of Ur of the Chaldees, which is also known as the “land between two rivers” or Mesopotamia, in order to make a covenant with him. Through this agreement, God would bless him and give Abraham’s descendants a new land. In Genesis 12, it states, “I shall make you into a great nation; I shall bless you and make your name so great that it will be used in blessings: those who bless you, I shall bless; those who curse you, I shall curse. All the peoples on earth will wish to be blessed as you are blessed.” God led Abraham through a series of trials and travels in order to figure out whether Abraham was convinced that God was going to stay true to his promise. The most important trial was when God told Abraham to sacrifice his son which will be further mentioned later on in this analysis. In Christianity, Abraham is seen as an essential exemplar of faith, and an ancestor of Jesus, both physical and spiritual. The book of Genesis, in which Abraham is mentioned, is important to both Christians and Jews. Although Christians embrace to the same historical account as the Jews do, Christians believe Abraham foreshadowed the most significant figure in their religion, Jesus Christ. Christians have many parallels between Jesus and Abraham’s life and believe that God’s interactions and covenant with Abraham as something leading to the coming of Jesus Christ. Any covenant that was proposed by God needed blood in order to be achieved. In Genesis 15, it states, “Bring me a heifer three years old, a she-goat three years old, a ram three years old, a turtle-dove, and a young pigeon.” As part of the covenant, God ordered him to sacrifice these animals and since blood was drawn, it is believed that the first covenant was sealed. Christians believe that the second covenant is sealed when Christ’s blood is exposed when he died on the cross. In Islam, Abraham is considered a patriarch, a messenger and a prophet by all Muslims. He is highly noticed among all the messengers of Allah and is considered the father of all prophets. In the Quran, Abraham is seen as someone who sought Allah’s will. The Quran mentions the struggle between Abraham and his father, and is marked as a very important one. Abraham always dwelled about the relationship between him and his father’s idol worship. Abraham does all he can to persuade his father not to worship these idols and believe in Allah. By listening to the words of Allah and trying to play the role as a messenger of Allah, he gets rejected by others, including his father. Abraham decides to go against his father’s word and destroy all the idols. After the destruction off the idols, Abraham prays, “O Lord Grant me a righteous son.” God granted this and gave him Ishmael.

Sacrifice of Abraham’s son in the Book of Genesis and the Quran
The Quran and the Book of Genesis both contain stories about Abraham and the sacrifice of his son. They have some similarities but also have some differences. Both scriptures explain that Abraham wanted a son as part of an agreement made between him and God. The two scriptures also explain the process of the sacrifice of Abraham’s son, but have different...
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