Abortion: a Theological Claim

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Ronise Miller
3 November, 2012
Father Wright
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Abortion: A Theological Claim
Abortion is a very controversial topic that has very heavy religious extents. Abortion is the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy. There are two types of abortion: abortion by pill and surgical abortion. Abortion was made legal up to twenty-four weeks of pregnancy the Supreme Court case Roe vs. Wade. After the twenty-four weeks, the fetus is actually considered a human. The reason why abortion is such a heated topic is because there is a question whether or not the fetus or embryo is a person or not. The topic of abortion is connected to very complex ethical, moral, and philosophical issues. Pro-abortion would be claiming that a woman should have a choice to keep the fetus or not, and anti-abortion would be claiming that legal restrictions on abortion should be made. The biggest question, that underlies the whole debate, is “when is a human actually considered a human in different opinions.”

Although abortion is usually framed around religious terms and meanings, abortion is never mentioned in the Bible. The reason why theology about abortion from the Bible cannot be concluded upon is because it is unclear and vague. In Exodus 21 there is a distinction between killing a person and the killing of a fetus. “Whoever strikes a person mortally shall be put to death,” is a quote from Exodus telling of the consequence of killing a person. “When people who are fighting injure a pregnant woman so that there is a miscarriage, and yet no further harm follows, the one responsible shall be fined,” is a quote from Exodus dealing with the killing of a fetus. In other words the killing of a person merits the death penalty while the killing of a fetus only results in a fine. Neither Exodus nor any other passages in the Bible describe the punishment of women who terminate their own pregnancies. Although in Exodus the life of a fetus seems less important the Bible clearly proposes...
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