Critical Issue Analysis Paper (Pros& Cons)
University of Phoenix
Oscar Gonzalez, M.A.
RES 110/ Introduction to Research and Information Utilization August 13, 2007
When people think of abortion some people think of killing a human while others think different. When you talk to people about abortion some people are against it and some are for abortion.
Abortion Pros and Cons
Abortion to people takes a life of a human. It is "the expulsion of a human fetus within the first twelve weeks of pregnancy, before viable." (Webster's New Universal Unabridged Dictionary, 1992, p.4). People also think that abortion violates human rights, and is immoral. Abortion should be illegal and restricted. On the other hand, some people think abortion should be legal and should not be restricted. They think it is a moral choice and that abortion is safe.
Abortion violates human rights, it is wrong when it brings a necessary consequence of killing an innocent human life. When human life begins it is the union of the sperm and egg. It creates an individual with a complete genetic code. Since the unborn child has a completely different genetic makeup than the mother, its life should be seen as being separate from the mother. Therefore an unborn child should have a right to have there life protected (Gargaro, 2002). Over thirty million legal abortions have taken place in the United States since legalization of abortion over twenty seven years ago. This is a matter of life and death to an innocent human being which now have women controlling their own lives and bodies. Some people right away will tell you that abortion is not a matter of life and death. They will argue that a fetus is not a person or human being (Gargaro, 2002).
A three-week old fetus has human rights, but medical research proves that a fetus is living from the moment of conception. It will still be argued that a fetus is not a person but it may seem to be nothing but a human being (Gargaro, 2002).
The way to best explain it is to go back to the beginning with the sperm and egg. A sperm has twenty-three chromosomes and an egg has twenty-three chromosomes. Even though the sperm is alive and can fertilize an egg it can not make another sperm and an egg can not make another egg. When the sperm and egg are then brought together then there are the 46 chromosomes that are needed to make a human life. When the human life is started the only thing the mother needs to add is nutrition so that the unborn child can grow. This new life is not a combination of a sperm or an egg. It has a life of its own now and the development is self directed (Gargaro, 2002). It is interesting when an unborn child can be denied a life to live and still have other rights. The unborn child can be hurt in a car accident and then after the unborn child is born they can sue the people or person who hurt them. Then when a fetus is born they even have the right to take over a person who was born before them. "In addition, the US Congress voted unanimously in 1974 to delay the capital punishment of pregnant women until after they have given birth" (Gargaro, 2002).
Abortion is also immoral. A human being has a right to life weather it being a sacred or inviolable. The moment an ovum is fertilized a human life begins. Abortion is a crime that is a killing of an innocent life that has not yet been born. If abortion is recognized for dealing with murder it is apparent in all truth of a human being at the beginning of life (John Paul II, 1997).
An unborn child is weak and defenseless. The unborn child depends on its mother that is carrying him or her to totally protect and care for him or her. The decision to have an abortion is a painful decision to get rid of an unborn child. Reasons for abortion can never explain the reason of killing an unborn child (John Paul II).
There are other people as well as the mother that bear responsibility....