Abortion Essay

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Courtney Trnka
Mrs. Farren

American Studies, Period 3-4

8 May 2012

Outline for Her Body, Her Choice!

Issue statement: The legality of abortion is a controversial issue.

I. First, one side supports abortion being illegal

A. Women’s health

B. Adoption

C. Murder of an innocent child

D. The God card

II. On the other hand, another side supports abortion being legal.

A. Women are endangered

B. It’s the mothers choice

C. A woman is more than a fetus

D. Rape

III. The arguments to keep abortion legal prove stronger than arguments against it.

A. Murder of an innocent child

B. The God card

C. It’s the mothers choice

D. Women are endangered

Her Body, Her Choice!

The debate over which abortion should be legal or illegal has been around for the longest time. The abortion debate deals with the rights and the wrongs of intentionally ending a pregnancy before regular childbirth, killing the fetus in the process. The two main groups in the debate are: the pro-life movement (emphasizing the right of an unborn child being born) and the pro-choice movement (emphasizing the right of a mother to choose whether to bring the fetus to term). Each movement has wanted to influence public opinion and to achieve legal support for its position. Behind the debate of abortion is the U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Roe v. Wade; this is the act that legalized abortion in 1973. Roe was based in part on the Fourteenth Amendment’s right to privacy, “which the Court ruled was broad enough to encompass a woman’s decision whether or not to terminate her pregnancy” (Lynette). According to the court’s decision, a woman’s right to choose to have an abortion outweighed the rights of a nonviable fetus. Then in 1992 the Supreme Court reconfirmed Roe in Planned Parenthood v. Casey, continuing any woman’s right to have an abortion. In spite of the longtime debate between members of the pro-choice and pro-life movements, the controversy over abortion rights remains unresolved.

First, one side supports abortions being legal, the pro-life part of the debate. One reason why many people want abortions to become illegal is because they believe abortions are dangerous to the woman’s health. Some people feel that the operations could put women’s life in danger. An abortion can also result in medical complications later in life; “the risk of ectopic pregnancies doubles, and the chance of a miscarriage and pelvic inflammatory disease also increases” (Lowen). Another argument against abortion is the choice of adoption. If the mother really doesn’t want the child; the child can always be put up for adoption. Adoption is a great alternative since there are a lot of families out there looking to adopt; and since it accomplishes the same result. A lot of pro-life supporters believe that having an abortion is murdering an innocent baby. They consider life to begin the second the egg and the sperm meet. Abortion is in completely defeats the commonly accepted idea of the blessedness of human life. One of the biggest groups of people against abortions being legal is the Catholics. Catholics say that this is going against God and what he would want. It is breaking one of the Ten Commandments; thou shall not kill. Thus one side believes that implementing a law that bans abortions could be a positive outcome in many different ways.

On the other hand, another side supports abortions being legal, the pro-choice part of the debate. A while ago, before abortions were legal, “there were not regulations or safe practices, and many unqualified people set themselves up as abortion providers, using unsafe methods and unsanitary faculties” (Anderson). This problem put many of the women’s health in danger. For example, in 1965, around 200 women died just from unsafe and illegal abortions. But once abortions were legalized, abortion related infections fell by 75...
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