Aboriginal History essay

Topics: Indigenous Australians, Europe, Cultural assimilation Pages: 2 (377 words) Published: July 28, 2013
Aboriginal History
Aborigines are the original inhabitants of Australia and have seen living for over 40,000 years in Australia, They had owned everything on the continent before the first invaders arrived here. The newcomers took land away from them, and changed their life as well. Aborigines lost many things such as their land, their owned tribes more than what had they got from invaders.

Before the British came, they had been living a simple life for a long time. They were hunting, speaking their language, communicating with other tribes, using everything from nature. At the break of dawn on January, 25th 1788, everything changed. These peculiar white people arrived in the harbor of Warany (Sydney) and they brought civilization to the continent. Moreover, they also carried death and diseases into the life of Aborigines.

In the 19th century, foreign invaders used force to take lands away from the Aboriginals. They kicked Aboriginals out of their tribes. These British and Europeans started settlement in Australia. However, in some areas, tribes people kept strong resistance to these foreign invaders, especially in the north and west of Queensland, but they could not change their circumstance. Many tribes people were killed or captured at that time, until the colonial government realized the Aboriginal race might be dying out. They started to protect remaining Aborigines by some policies.

One well known policy was the assimilation policy, created in Australia by the federal government in 1937. It meant Aboriginal people of mixed descent were to be assimilated into white society whether they wanted to be or not. Those not living tribally were to be educated and all others were to stay on reserves. So they took Aboriginal children away from families. it was called “The Stolen Generation”. By the mid-20th century, the government kept making some significant changes to Aboriginal people’s lives about voting, citizenship status, equal wages etc. It is not...
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