9 mark questions
Identify and briefly explain three ways in which women may be disadvantaged by religion today (9 marks) – Jan 13 One way in which women may be disadvantaged by religion in today’s society is the fact that some religious organisational hierarchies are still male dominated. Although there have been moves towards equality in many religions, for example the Church of England’s decision to ordain women as priests in 1992, many religions are still dominated by males who hold the top positions in the hierarchy. For example, in Islam, women are still no longer able to become an imam and hold a religious service. Therefore, in this sense, women are disadvantaged by religion today as they cannot hold office within organisational hierarchies. Secondly, women are disadvantaged by religion today as religious texts tend to reinforce patriarchy. Feminists would argue that religious texts are written from a male point of view, encouraging patriarchy and the subordination of women. Therefore, women are disadvantaged by religion as they are seen as subordinate to men. Lastly, women can be said to be disadvantaged by religion as some religions segregate men and women in terms of worship. For example, in Judaism, women are not permitted to fully take part in all religious ceremonies. Therefore, one can suggest that women are still unable to fully take part in all religions and thus, are at a disadvantage.
Identify and briefly explain three reasons why statistics on religious belief may not be accurate. (9 marks) – June 2012 One reason statistics on religious belief may not be accurate is because of the methodological issues that can arise. For example, there is no set way of counting how many people believe in a religion. Statistics tend to come from a wide range of sources; from opinion polls to census figures to individual churches. There is not one true way of measuring believers and therefore, one can suggest that these methods are not wholly reliable as...
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