Allegory – a symbolic representation
Ex: The blindfolded figure with scales is an allegory of justice.
Alliteration - the repetition of the initial consonant. There should be at least two repetitions in a row. Ex: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
Allusion – A reference to a famous person or event in life or literature. Ex: She is as pretty as the Mona Lisa
Analogy - the comparison of two pairs which have the same relationship. Ex: shoe is to foot as tire is to wheel
Antithesis - is a counter-proposition and denotes a direct contrast to the original proposition. Ex: Man proposes, God disposes.
Many are called, but few are chosen.
Assonance - the repetition of similar vowel sounds in a sentence.
Climax - the turning point of the action in the plot of a play or story. The climax represents the point of greatest tension in the work.
Foreshadowing - hints of what is to come in the action of a play or a story
Hyperbole - a figure of speech involving exaggeration.
Juxtaposition - synonymous with contrast, two objects or texts that oppose one another
Metaphor - A comparison in which one thing is said to be another. Ex: The cat's eyes were jewels, gleaming in the darkness.
Metonymy - a thing or concept is not called by its own name, but by the name of something intimately associated with that thing or concept.
Ex: Lend me your ear.
The pen is mightier than the sword.
Onomatopoeia - the use of words to imitate the sounds they describe. Ex: The burning wood crackled and hissed.
Oxymoron - putting two contradictory words together.
Ex: bittersweet, jumbo shrimp, and act naturally
Personification - is giving human qualities to animals or objects. Ex: The daffodils nodded their yellow heads.
Pun - A word is used which has two meanings at the same time, which results in humor.
Simile - figure of speech involving a comparison between unlike things using like, as, or as though. Ex: She floated in...
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