What do you think a normal human being needs to have a good, hearty life? What are the most basic needs that are vital to one’s survival? According to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, physiological needs are those required to sustain life, such as air, water, nourishment, and sleep. If such needs are not satisfied, then one’s motivation will arise from the quest to satisfy them. Higher needs such as social needs and esteem are not felt until one has met the needs basic to one’s bodily functioning. Beyond the details of air, water, food, and sex, Maslow laid out five broader layers: the physiological needs, the needs for safety and security, the needs for love and belonging, the needs for esteem, and the need to actualize the self. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is most often displayed as a pyramid, where the lowest levels of the pyramid are made up of the most basic needs, while the more complex needs are located at the top of the pyramid. Needs at the bottom of the pyramid are those basic physical requirements which include the need for food, water, sleep and warmth. Once these lower-level needs have been met, people can move on to the next level of needs, which are for safety and security. As people progress up the pyramid, needs become increasingly psychological and social. Soon, the need for love, friendship and intimacy become important. Further up the pyramid, the need for personal esteem and feelings of accomplishment take priority. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs ties greatly with the book 1984. 1984 is based on a man named Winston Smith. Winston lives in the country of Oceania. Oceania is controlled by a party entitled as The Big Brother. This party controls everything from food rations to what people can think In order to seek absolute power over its people, the ruling Party and its leader, Big Brother, implement physical and mental restrictions, surveillance, propaganda, and degradation of language to gain control of the people's minds. In this...
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