13th Amendment

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The convention at Philadelphia drew up one of the most influential documents in history, the constitution of the United States. Among some of the controversial issues regarding the delegates was that of slavery. Slaves made up about one fifth of the population in the American Colonies. Majority of them lived Southern Colonies where 40 percent was consisted of the population. Delegates from states with large populations of slaves argues that slaves should be considered person in determining delegates from states where slavery had disappeared or almost disappeared argued that slaves should be included in taxation, but not in determining representation. Slavery in the US was abolished by the thirteen amendments. The Supreme Court's decision in the Civil Rights Cases (1883) suggested that section 2 gave Congress the authority to outlaw “badges and incidents” of slavery as well as the institution itself. Thus it is not surprising that for much of the twentieth century civil rights litigation focused almost entirely on section 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment, which was adopted in 1868. In response to those issues Congress passed the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, this amendment declared slavery illegal, was ratified by the necessary number of states, although not by any Southern states. Life for African Americans was very hard; African Americans were still slaves that had no rights. One political issue they faced was they were not allowed to mingle with any other races. The majority of America's history African Americans has lived in the South. No other portion in the United States has experienced such a mixture of African and European, master and slave. However prior to 1863 all the south wanted was the prevention of intermingling between the different races, cultures and classes. Following the war, the most considerable issue for a handful of Northern leaders was the status of freed slaves. Many Americans would think that slavery ended back in 1865 with the end of the American Civil War. While most people think of slavery, it is often connected with "old slavery." Old slavery, before 1863, was a costly system because of transportation costs and the relatively small number of people who were slaves. Because of those two reasons that slaves during this time were treated to some extent better than the slaves of today. During the beginning of the civil war, both northern Whites and free Blacks came forward to join the Union Army. At the commencing of the war, both African American slaves and freeman saw this chance to serve in the military as a method for relinquishing their shackles and proving their inclusive merit to this nation. A number of African American slaves, for some unidentified reasons, remained with their owners and assisted them on the side of the Confederacy during the entire period of the Civil War. There was prevalent resistance by whites on both the Union blue and Confederate gray sides in accommodating Blacks as part of the military. Lincoln discarded the partaking of Blacks at first in the Union Army. Lincoln did not want to alienate those border states of Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri who still owned slaves but were loyal to the Union. West Virginia became a state in 1863 and stayed in the Union. There were also many anti-abolitionist groups in the North who felt this war should not involve Blacks. President Lincoln issues the final Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863 freeing all slaves in territories held by Confederates and emphasizes the enlisting of black soldiers in the Union Army. The war to maintain the Union now becomes a rebellious struggle for the abolition of slavery. The release of all slaves in areas still in rebellion" that ex-slaves were given the formal right to be received in the U.S. Union Armed Forces. The fatalities on both sides of the war were climbing, therefore more soldiers were needed. Lincoln desired a win, for that reason the Emancipation was aimed...
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