African Americans after the Civil War
During the years 1861 and 1870, both, the Civil War and the Reconstruction, took place. However, during this time period, many problems occurred: for example, slaves were being debated about between the North and South, and many freed Africans were not accepted as citizens. But, although African Americans went through a lot of issues and obstacles regarding their race and freedom, they managed to shape the course and consequences of the civil war through social, ideological, and political events. Socially, African Americans, searched for education opportunities, became soldiers, and fought for equal rights; Ideologically, their existence, freedom rights, and purpose were constantly questioned by the south and the north; Politically, northerners wanted slavery to be abolished, southerners had to ratify the amendments and demanded the right to vote, and Africans, constantly, asked for support in fighting for their freedom.
African Americans socially changed the period time between 1861 and 1870 by demanding equal right. Charlotte Forten, an African American teacher in South Carolina, stated that she had never seen any children so eager to come to school neither see any coming after a long day of working under the hot sun (Doc E). This document explains how newly freed children were as eager to learn as any other children were; they were intrigued by the idea of getting an education that they found ways to attend to school, even after working so much. During this time, African Americans also became soldiers; New York Times had stated that eight months before, in the year of 1864, Africans had been hunted down like beast, yet, apart from being chased, they were now marching in troops down solid platoons (Doc F). In addition, Africans socially developed, after being chased down, and participated in constitutional conventions: Africans had a participation percentage ranging between 13-61% in conventions, 61 being the highest in...
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