January 11, 2008
4th Block Honors History
Ten Days That Shaped America
1) May 26, 1637-The Mystic Massacre of the Pequot War
On May 26, 1637, English settlers under Captain John Mason, and Narragansett and Mohegan allies set fire to a Pequot fort near the Mystic River. The fort only had two entrances, and anybody that tried to flee the fort was shot by awaiting enemies. The only Pequots that survived were those who had followed their sachem Sassacus in a raiding party outside the village. This attack on the fort almost entirely wiped out the Pequot population and resulted in them eventually losing the war. As a result of this the 1638 treaty of Hartford was signed, stating that all remaining Pequots were to be slaves, for the English and other tribes. This could have been the Start of slavery in the united states, and it could have also been an event that led to the enslaving of hundreds of thousands of Africans. This affected the United States greatly because, without this one battle, this country might not be as culturally diverse as it is today.
2) January 25, 1787-Shays’ Rebellion
Shays’ Rebellion took place in 1787, when Daniel Shays led a rebellion to seize Federal arsenal to protest debtor’s prisons. Daniel Shays proposed a battle to Luke Day of West Springfield Massachusetts, for a battle on January 5th 1787. Day sent a message to Shays that he would not have his army ready by then, and that the battle should take place January 6th instead. The message never reached Shays, and therefore, he and his army attacked the unarmed, and unorganized army of Day on the 5th. The rebellion shocked and baffled, many U.S. leaders at the time, and eventually led to a few changes to the nations government. It would now become a stronger central government, which was the true basis for what our government is today.
3) January 24, 1848-The beginning of the California Gold Rush.
On January 24, 1848, Gold was discovered at Sutter’s Mill In Coloma California. This discovery, immediately spread around the globe. People from all different parts of the world came to California. People called it the place for a new beginning. California quickly became the most popular state in the United States. Even immigrants from Asia and Europe were coming to California just to get their hands on this precious gold. This also greatly affected the United States as we know it today. Without it, just like the Mystic Massacre, the United States would not be as culturally diverse as it is today.
4) September 17, 1862-The Battle of Antietam
The Battle of Antietam was the bloodiest day in the history of America. More people died on this day, than on D-Day or 9/11.It was also considered the turning point in the war, because although it was actually a draw, it was considered a victory for the Union because it ended General Robert E. Lee’s strategic campaign, and it allowed President Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation. The Emancipation Proclamation was a legal document stating that all slaves in the confederate states were now free. This affects us today, because it was the first major step in abolishing slavery, which now does not exist anymore in our society.
5) July 6th 1892-The Homestead Strike
On July 6, 1892, the union working at Carnegie Steel Company went on strike because of large pay cuts, and minimum working wages. Before the strike, Andrew Carnegie went on a trip to Scotland, and left the company in the hands of his manager, Henry Clay Frick, who was well-known to be very anti-union. Frick brought in replacement workers and used Pinkerton agents to safeguard their arrival. When the workers attempted to go to work, the strikers and the Pinkerton agents got into a gunfight. Ten people died. Two brigades of Pennsylvania state militia were called out to restore peace. Anarchist Alexander Berkman tried to murder Frick, but he was unsuccessful, and ended up turning public...