Diversity’s literal definition would be difference or range. Diversity recognises that although people do have similarities, they have many more differences which make them unique in many ways. Diversity is about recognising and valuing our differences as well as understanding and embracing them. It is important to teach children about the different people around them, this includes interior and exterior factors. Interior factors include: culture, background, personality, religion/belief, ability, needs and sexual orientation. Exterior factors include: ethnicity, age, personal/facial features, clothing, and body weight/build. Equality:
Equality is often conceived to be treating people exactly the same, but it is more about treating them in a way that is appropriate for their individual needs. This is important and fair because some people will need more support than other people in order to achieve and be included. An example of this could be if when in the setting you have arranged a physical activity for the children in the garden. Children vary in development in all areas, some children may be lacking in confidence or self-esteem. They could simply different in personality but it is important to allow them to feel confident and comfortable in participating or to set up separate activities. A variation of the same activity or making all children feel involved in the same activity is good when possible. As part of equality practitioners must not show favouritism or disfavour different children because of their ethnicity, age, gender, ethnicity, disability, socio-economic status, or religion/belief. Inclusion:
Inclusion is about how we respond to diversity and prevent inequalities. This is to provide equal opportunities for all children regardless of their various backgrounds or needs. Participation:
It is important to encourage children to participate as well as to respect and value their needs. Sometimes children may not feel...