Woh 2001

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WOH Notes
* B.C.E
* Before the Common Era
* A.D.
* Does not mean After Death
* Iraq/ Kuwait area named (4) different names
* Mesopotamia
* Fertile Crescent
* Sumeria
* Cradle of Civilization
* Zigerath
* Temples of ancient Sumeria
* City State
* Independent political economic entity which dominated the area around the city * Bigger than a city, smaller than state
* Sumeria
* Cuneiform (soonyform)
* The language of the city state
* Egypt
* “Upper Niles” geographically is actually more south * And “Southern Nile” geographically more north
City-State of Minoa
* Knossos
* 1700 and 1500 B.C.E (no need to memorize) was at its peak under this city * Was an advanced city-state
* Based on theocracy
* Rule of law based on religion
* Sports
* Bull-leaping
* Minoa Religion
* Involved prostitution
* Had natural A.C, running water, and labyrinth (maze) * Illiad
* Siege of troy
* Odyssey
* More magical than Illiad about a guy trying to find mother * Ancient Greece
* To become excluded socially is the ultimate shame
* Honor is everything
* Sparta
* Would favor raising boys vs girls
* There was a slight sense of homosexuality in the culture (more appropriate: Bisexuality) * Highest military power, but with fear
* Very militaristic
* Athens
* Houses the city-state: Greece
* Solon
* Man who established a reform
* Ended aristocratic rule in Athens and made a citizen based society (but didn’t make everyone equal) * Had 400 people in his council
* Best navy
* Cleisthenes
* Complicated reforms
* Included some lower classes in Athenian democracy * He based citizenship on residency rather than kinship * Made 500 ppl in his council
* Built “checks” in his system to avoid abuse
* Council had to be meritorious by passing an examination * Assembly could remove anyone by majority vote * Punishments of failure of duty resulted as severe as death or expulsion * Salamis

* Persian empire was at one point was largest
* Included Egypt, parts of india, and made up of 35 million people * Father and son ruled the empire
* Cyrus (father)
* Darius (son)
* Xeryes
* Ruled after Darius died
* Delian League (Somewhat like NATO)
* Many Polarsis’ pulled out of the league from the lack of war * Peloponnesian
* After 404 B.C Ultimately Spartan defeats Athens in the Peloponnesian war * After 404 B.C
* Phillip of Macedon
* While the Spartans and Athens were fighting a man named Philip became king of a northern province of Greece. * Built a standing army in various silver mines he conquered * He was the first one to make a standing army (where they soldiers could not be with their family’s when not in war) * Married a women of Olympian decent

* Around 350 B.C He was recognized as master of all of Greece * Supporter of a hellinistic society
* Meaning taking the best of all conquered people and incorporating it within their society * Alexander the Great
* He was tutored by Aristotle (pupil of Plato who was the pupil of Socrates) * Alexander defeated PersiaIn ns resulted in Asia Minor for all of Greece * 333 B.C.E He “cut” through a rope fulfilling the prophecy (he was supposed to untie it and took over Asia Minor) * He took over India

* He contracted malaria and did not see his kingdom flourish * Ancient Rome
* Monarchy Republic Empire
* Veii
* City state made up of enruscan (another culture) that...
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