Water Conservation Efforts in Singapore

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Sec 2 Geography
LDQ on Managing Water Resources (25 minutes)

Water Conservation Efforts in Singapore

Do you think the public, private and people sectors are doing their best to conserve, value and enjoy the water resources in Singapore? Explain your answer.

Introduction
The National Water Agency, Public Utilities Board (PUB) has tried its best to ensure that Singapore has an adequate supply of high quality water with the 4 national taps strategy. It also believes that the 3Ps partnership plays a vital role in Singapore's water management for the sustainability of this precious resource.

|P |I think PUB has done its best to promote its new tagline – “Water for All – Conserve, Value and Enjoy” Singapore’s water resources| | |at the national level. | |E |Singapore's long-term target is to reduce the daily per capita water consumption from 155 litres today to 147 litres by 2020. It | | |aims is to build a community of water-loving individuals and organisations who are passionate about our water bodies and strive to| | |protect them. This is because by keeping our rivers and reservoirs clean, it will not only contain the costs of water treatment | | |but also enhance the aesthetics of our living environment. | |E |Since 2006, PUB has launched of the Active, Beautiful, Clean Waters (ABC Waters) programme. This long-term initiative aims to | | |transform our functional water collection network of drains, canals and reservoirs into picturesque streams, rivers and lakes. It| | |has opened up various reservoirs such as the Marina Barrage and MacRitchie Reservoir for recreational water activities to get | | |people closer to water. Both locals and foreigners get to enjoy recreational activities such as kayaking or rowing. | | | | | |The Friends of Water programme is aimed at enlarging PUB's circle of friends who regularly report leaks, volunteer their time to | | |help raise our national water consciousness and organise various activities for the water cause. Free water saving kits are also | | |distributed free to households. | | | | | |Under the Mandatory Water Efficiency Labelling Scheme, dual-flush low capacity flushing cisterns, urinals, taps and mixers all | | |come with a label indicating how well it rates in water consumption efficiency. Ranging from one to three ticks, a product with | | |three ticks is the most water-efficient. New developments and properties undergoing renovation are required to install dual-flush| | |low capacity flushing cisterns, urinals, taps and mixers that are labelled with at least a one-tick water efficiency rating. | | | | |L |In this way, there will be a sense of ownership of this shared resource. They would want to be a guardian of water by ensuring the| | |raw water sources are kept clean and unpolluted too. | | |Through this, everyone will understand the importance of conserving it by using it wisely. |

PRIVATE SECTORS
The Our Waters programme is targeted mainly at corporations and organisations where they adopt a reservoir,...
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