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R ESEARCH

Children and Young People's Home
Use of ICT for Educational Purposes:
The Impact on Attainment
at Key Stages 1-4
Professor Gill Valentine (University of Leeds), Dr Jackie Marsh, Professor Charles Pattie (both University of Sheffield) and BMRB

Research Report RR672

Research Report
No 672

Children and Young People’s Home
Use of ICT for Educational Purposes:
The Impact on Attainment
at Key Stages 1-4
Professor Gill Valentine (University of Leeds), Dr Jackie Marsh, Professor Charles Pattie (both University of Sheffield) and BMRB

The views expressed in this report are the authors’ and do not necessarily reflect those of the Department for Education and Skills.
© University of Leeds 2005
ISBN 1 84478 552 1

1

Contents
Page Number
Executive Summary

4

Section 1: Introduction

11

1.1 Context

11

1.2 Objectives of this study

12

1.3 Methodology

13

Section 2: Access

16

2.1 Patterns of access to a home computer

16

2.2 Independent access to a home computer

18

2.3 Access to other hardware in households

19

Section 3: Patterns of Use

20

3.1 Parental restrictions on use

20

3.2 Variations in use

21

3.3 Educational patterns of use

26

3.4 Subject and year group specific patterns of use

30

3.5 Leisure uses of ICT

40

3.6 Variations or patterns of leisure use

43

Section 4: Home – School Links

46

4.1 Teachers setting homework

47

4.2 Pupils’ use of school web sites

48

4.3 Differences in home/ school uses of ICT

50

4.4 Parents’ contact with schools

52

4.5 Teachers’ views on home/ school issues

54

Section 5: Perceptions of How ICT Can Contribute to 60
Learning and Attainment
5.1 Support at home

60

5.2 Children’s attitudes to homework

63

5.3 Children’s perceptions of ICT

65

5.4 Children’s reasons for using ICT for school work outside 67 of home
2

5.5 Children’s perceptions of ICT and attainment

69

5.6 Parents’ perceptions of attainment

71

5.7 Teachers’ perceptions of attainment

73

Section 6: Patterns of Attainment

76

6.1 The data for this study

76

6.2 Measures of ICT use

78

6.3 Main findings from multivariate regression

80

Section 7: Patterns in relation to age and gender

88

7.1 Patterns in relation to age

88

7.2 Patterns in relation to gender

92

Section 8: Conclusions

95

8.1 The nature and extent of home use of ICT for
educational purposes

95

8.2 The impact of home use of ICT for educational
purposes

96

8.3 The nature and effects of home use of ICT for leisure
purposes

97

8.4 Why do pupils use or not use ICT at home for
educational purposes?

97

8.5 Use of ICT to support home-school links

98

8.6 Summary of implications

100

References

102

Appendices
Appendix 1 List of hardware and software included in
analysis of ICT
Appendix 2 Information about methodology
Appendix 3 Questionnaire for year 6, 9 and 11 pupils
Appendix 4 Questionnaire for parents of year 2 children
Appendix 5 Interview schedule for year 6, 9 and 11
pupils
Appendix 6 Interview schedule for parents of year 6, 9
and 11 pupils; and of year 2 pupils
Appendix 7 ICT Log for year 6, 9 and 11 pupils
Appendix 8 ICT Log for year 2 pupils

3

Executive Summary
This report summarises the findings of a research project undertaken to understand the links between children’s educational uses of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) at home and their performance and attainment at school. It is based on research conducted in the summer term, 2004, in 12 schools in England. This study aimed to:






investigate the types and amount of home use of ICT by children and young people at Key Stages 1-4;
establish the relationship between the types and amount of home use of ICT and children and young people’s attainment at school; identify the drivers for home use of...
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