Us History Study Guide

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  • Topic: United States, Theodore Roosevelt, Native Americans in the United States
  • Pages : 9 (1473 words )
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  • Published : December 19, 2012
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Final Exam Study Guide No. 1

Reservations
An American Indian reservation is an area of land managed by a Native American tribe under United States Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Indian Affairs. Homestead Act

Transcontinental Railroad
The First Transcontinental Railroad was a railroad line built in the United States of America between 1863 and 1869 by the Central Pacific Railroad of California and the Union Pacific Railroad Where? Omaha to Sacramento

Hardships
weather; storms, floods, freezing, snow
building under mountains; dynamite

Mobility
The movement of people, as from one social group, class, or level to another economic mobility, social mobility, physical mobility

Rugged Individualism
individualism in social and economic affairs; belief not only in personal liberty and self-reliance but also in free competition people are responsible for taking care of themselves
Westward movement; people had no one, did not expect the government to do anything

Dawes Act
The Dawes General Allotment Act was enacted by the U.S. Congress regarding the distribution of land to Native Americans in Oklahoma. Native Americans would become modernized

Laissez-faire Capitalism
Government did not interfere with business
“Hands off”

Monopolies (trusts)
exists when a specific individual or an enterprise has sufficient control over a particular product or service to determine significantly the terms on which other individuals shall have access to it.

Nativist
against outside ideas
anti-immigration
America for Americans

Social Darwinism
those with strength (economic, physical, technological) flourish and those without are destined for extinction Industrialization
Darwin’s theory to people
some people are meant to be poor, some are meant to be rich

Philanthropy
private initiatives for public good, focusing on quality of life giving charity
Robber Barons?
Carnegie?
After retiring in 1901 at the age of 66 as the world's richest man, Andrew Carnegie wanted to become a philanthropist, a person who gives money to good causes. He believed in the "Gospel of Wealth," which meant that wealthy people were morally obligated to give their money back to others in society. Carnegie had made some charitable donations before 1901, but after that time, giving his money away became his new occupation. In 1902 he founded the Carnegie Institution to fund scientific research and established a pension fund for teachers with a $10 million donation.

Census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. 1920 census showed the first population count that had more people in the city than in rural areas

Rural
country

Urban
city

Imperialism
the creation and maintenance of an unequal economic, cultural and territorial relationship, usually between states and often in the form of an empire, based on domination and subordination Acquisition of territories

Reasons why?
Land = Power
raw materials, international markets

“Big Stick Policy” (gunboat diplomacy)
Big Stick Diplomacy or Big Stick Policy was the slogan describing U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt's corollary to the Monroe Doctrine. The United States, he claimed, had the right not only to oppose European intervention in the Western Hemisphere, but also intervene itself in the domestic affairs of its neighbors if they proved unable to maintain order and national sovereignty on their own. It may be a later, subtler version of Gunboat Diplomacy. The idea led to the expansion of the U.S. Navy and greater involvement in world affairs. This in turn led to the Dollar Diplomacy in the following Taft administration.

Roosevelt pushed for a rapid expansion of the U.S. Navy, and he wanted the US to be in a stronger position overseas. During his administration, the US built many cruisers, battleships, and other naval ships

Examples:
- support for the creation of the...
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