Unit 3 Apush Study Guide

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AP US Study guide for Unit 3

1.  Settlers in the eighteenth century American backcountry sometimes resorted to violent protest to express their grievances.  Analyze the causes and significance of TWO of the following: March of the Paxton Boys, Regulator Movement, Shay’s Rebellion, Whiskey Rebellion 2.  Evaluate the relative importance of domestic and foreign affairs in shaping American politics in the 1790s. 3.  Analyze the contributions of the following in helping establish a stable government after the adoption of the Constitution: * John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, George Washington

4.  How did increased industrialization and mechanization during the period of the market revolution shift the social structure of society and what were the reactions to the changes occurring? 5.  Analyze the causes of the “questioning” of slavery in the period of 1800 – 1840 and ways that slavery was questioned.  Then, analyze the causes of the reinforcement of the slave structure during this period and ways that slavery was reinforced. 6.  Jacksonian Democrats viewed themselves as the guardians of the US Constitution, political democracy, individual liberty, and equality of economic opportunity.  In light of your knowledge of the 1820’s and 1830’s, to what extent do you agree with the Jacksonians’ view of themselves?

Part II - M/C - 25 M/C questions @ 20 minutes

1. Strengths/Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation 1. Strengths: Declare war and make peace, establish national postal services and regulated weights. 2. Weaknesses: Couldn’t tax people federally, couldn’t have national militia, no currency.

2. Problems facing the new nation post-Revolutionary war – know the general theme of each issue and details of Shay’s Rebellion 1. Shays’ Rebellion-
1. Daniel Shays led farmers to stop the courts from seizing farmers’ land and enacting debt collection. 2. Citizens of Boston raised an army and suppressed the rebels 3. Americans felt pressure to create a strengthen the gov’t and avoid future violence 4. Brought people together against the Articles of Confederation

3. What were some of the key arguments Abigail Adams made in her letter to J. Adams? What was his reaction?  Why was this significant? 1. Abigail urged John to “remember the ladies,” in his new Code of Laws, by not putting so much power in the hands of the men. 2. She wanted women to be able to achieve an education equal to that of men. 3. John Adams responds in a very patronizing and condescending way, saying that the men know better than to “repeal their masculine systems.” 4. This is significant, because it really showcases the gender roles women were forced to adhere to. They were made to be submissive, and obedient to the will of men. 4. What were the elements of the Great Compromise?  What were the VA and NJ plans? 5. Great Compromise

1. The Great Compromise was an agreement between large and small states during the Constitutional Convention of 1787 defined the legislative structure and representation that each state would have. 2. Bicameral legislature (which was proposed by James Madison as part of the Virginia Plan) 3. Proportional representation in the House of Reps, but positions of the Senate were to be weighted equally between the states. 6. Virginia Plan

4. James Madison proposed the idea of a bicameral legislature 5. Population-weighted representation in the national legislature. 7. New Jersey Plan
6. Created in opposition to the Virginia Plan.
7. In support of the idea of one vote per state (meaning the number of electoral votes per state would be the same regardless of that state’s population.) 5. What were the key characteristics/arguments of Federalists? Anti-Federalists and later Democratic Republicans?...
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