Outline of the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines

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Outline of the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines

A. The Constitution is ordained and promulgated by the sovereign Filipino people, with the implored aid of God. B. Purposes of creating the Constitution
i. To build a just and humane society
ii. To establish a government that:
a) embodies our ideals and aspirations;
b) promotes the common good;
c) conserves and develops our patrimony;
d) and secures the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom, love, equality, and peace. II. Article I: National Territory

A. Section 1: The National Territory is comprised of:
i. the Philippine archipelago, its islands and waters; ii. all other territories of Philippine sovereignty and jurisdiction; iii. and the waters around, between, and connecting the islands (as part of the internal waters). III. Article II: Declaration of Principles and State Policies A. Principles

i. Section 1: The Philippines is a democratic and republican state. ii. Section 2: The Philippines adheres to a policy of peace with all nations, renouncing war and adopting international law. iii. Section 3: Civilian authority is supreme over the military. a) The Armed Forces of the Philippines

1. Role: To be the protector of the people and the State 2. Goal: To secure the sovereignty of the state and the integrity of the national territory iv. Section 4: The Government

a) Prime duty: To serve and protect the people b) The Government may call upon or require the people to defend the State (under conditions provided by law). v. Section 5: Essentials for the enjoyment of the blessings of democracy a) Maintenance of peace and order

b) Protection of life, liberty, and property c) Promotion of general welfare
vi. Section 6: Separation of Church and State is inviolable. B. State Policies
i. Section 7:
a) The State shall pursue an independent foreign policy. b) Primary considerations in relations with other states: 1. National Sovereignty
2. Territorial Integrity
3. National Interest
4. Right to Self-determination
ii. Section 8: The State adopts and pursues a policy of freedom from nuclear weapons in its territory. iii. Section 9: The State shall promote a just and dynamic social order that will: a) Ensure the prosperity and independence of the nation; b) And free the people from poverty, through policies that: 1. Provide adequate social services

2. Promote full employment
3. Promote a rising standard of living 4. Promote an improved quality of life for all iv. Section 10: The State shall promote social justice in all phases of national development. v. Section 11: The State values human dignity and guarantees full respect for human rights. vi. Section 12: The Family Institution

a) The State recognizes the sanctity of family life. b) The State/Government shall:
1. protect and strengthen the family as a basic autonomous social institution; 2. protect the life of the mother and the life of the unborn from conception; 3. and support the natural and primary right and duty of parents in the rearing of the youth for civic efficiency and the development of moral character. vii....
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