Theory of Occupational Therapy

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OT is the art (because it is very individualized) and science of enabling engagment in everyday living, through occupation; of enabling people to perform the occupations that foster healsth and well-being; and of enabling a just and inclusive society (things that are done to advocate on their behalf in world of education, funding etc.) so that lal peopl emay participate to their potential in the dialy occupations of life. OT is the art (because it is very individualized) and science of enabling engagment in everyday living, through occupation; of enabling people to perform the occupations that foster healsth and well-being; and of enabling a just and inclusive society (things that are done to advocate on their behalf in world of education, funding etc.) so that lal peopl emay participate to their potential in the dialy occupations of life. Theory of Ocupational Therapy

OT is very client- centered: how the individual defines the activity is what is important

Hisotry of OT

Early 1900s: there was a shift toward understanding that it was important to be healthy and happy- started mostly in mental health (started in mental asylems with occupational aids) realized that when there were given jobs and were meaningfullly occupied they got better quicker

Dunton 1919: occupation is as necessary to life as food and drink; every human being should have both physical and mental occupations; all should have occupations which they engoy, or hobbies; sick minds, sick bodies and sick souls may be healthed thru occupation - thus ocupation was defined as both the domain of concern and the theapeutic medium of occupational therapy

WWI: Diversional therapy: to divert attention away from injury and illness The war lsted much longer – so many more disbled than had anticipated, found that diverting attention away from their physial problems really helped them War-aids: the early Ots, helped adapt activities for soldiers to participate in society (worked mostly with individuals who had a loss of limb)

60s- 90s: Therapeutic shift : curative potential of actibities not occupation Enablement of meaningful occupation: focus on occupational roles in society

First Canadian occupational therapy guidelines on client-centred practice did not refer to occupation – but rather to the “therapeutic use of activity’

Present: focusing on enablement of meaningful occupation: focus on occupational roles in society – not just about giving people something to do

Occupation
Groups of activities and tasks of everydy life, named, organized and given meaning by individuals and a culture, It iseverything people do to occupy themselves, including looking after themselves (self-care0, enjouing life (leisure), and contributing to the social and economic fabric of their communities (productivity) Shows that it is more than work – they are human activities or tasks organized to fulfil a particular function Occupation

Groups of activities and tasks of everydy life, named, organized and given meaning by individuals and a culture, It iseverything people do to occupy themselves, including looking after themselves (self-care0, enjouing life (leisure), and contributing to the social and economic fabric of their communities (productivity) Shows that it is more than work – they are human activities or tasks organized to fulfil a particular function

Definitions

Enabling occupation:
OT is necessary when solutions to engagement in the occupations of everyday living become a challenge, or are at risk of becoming a challenge; when solutions to performing or engaging in desired occupations become difficult Collaborating with people to choose, organize and perform occupations which people find useful or meaningful in a given environment

Engage: doing or participating, draw into, involve others, involve oneself, becomes occupied

Task: set of purposeful activities in which a person engages i.e writing a report Activity: basic...
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