The Triumphs and Travails of the Jeffersonian Republic

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Chapter 11: The Triumphs and Travails of the Jeffersonian Republic Section I: Federalist and Republican Mudslingers
Federalists labored under heavy handicaps
Alien and Sedition Acts created many enemies
The most damaging blow to the Federalists was the refusal of Adams to give them a fight with France After unpopular measures, the war scare was gone
Military preparations now seemed not only unnecessary but extravagant Federalists concentrated fire at Jefferson himself
He was accused of having robbed a widow of a trust fund and fathered children by his own slave women Section II: The Jeffersonian “Revolution of 1800”
Jefferson won by a majority of 73 to 65 votes
New York fell into the Jeffersonians side
The three-fifths clause of the Constitution helped Jefferson obtain victory The Constitution gave white southern voters a bonus (because of slaves) that helped Jefferson win Jefferson was called the “Negro President”

Jefferson and Burr received the same number of votes
The House of Representatives decided the deadlock in favor of Jefferson John Adams was the last Federalist president as his party disappeared Jefferson later claimed that the election of 1800 was a revolution Jefferson meant that his election represented a return to what he considered the original spirit of the Revolution In his eyes, Hamilton and Adams betrayed the ideas of the Revolution Jefferson’s mission was to restore the republican experiment, to check the growth of government power, and to halt the decay of virtue Also revolutionary was the peaceful transfer of power which all parties accepted This was a big achievement for a young nation

After a decade of division, people could take pride in the vigor of their experiment in democracy Section III: Responsibility Breeds Moderation
Jefferson was inaugurated on March 4, 1801
He was fluent in French and a citizen of the world
Jefferson’s inaugural address was a statement of democratic principles Jefferson announced that the majority will prevail but the minority possessed equal rights Jefferson also said that “We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists.” Jefferson wanted a honest friendship with all nations

Jefferson established the rule of pell-mell at dinners the seating without regard to rank Jefferson was very unconventional
He started the precedent of sending messages to Congress to be read by a clerk Personal appearances meant nothing to him
Jefferson was forced to reverse many of the political principles he had wanted Jefferson had two personalities: one was a scholarly private citizen and the other was the harassed public official who’s theories didn’t work out Jefferson’s victory marked the first party overturn in American history Jefferson showed moderation for the vanquished

To the dismay of his office seeking friends, Jefferson dismissed public servants for political reasons Jefferson proved an able politician
He wooed congressional representatives
Jefferson had to rely on his personal charm because his party was so weak jointed The Democratic-Republicans could not build a loyal political following Section IV: Jeffersonian Restraint
Jefferson let the Alien and Sedition Acts expire
The Jeffersonians enacted the new naturalization law of 1802 which reduced the unreasonable requirements to be a citizen Jefferson hated the excise tax which was hard on the farmers and persuaded Congress to repeal it This caused the government to lose a million dollar revenue

Albert Gallatin became secretary of the Treasury
He agreed that a national debt was bad
The Jeffersonians left most of Hamiltonian framework
They did not change funding the national debt at par
They did nothing to change Federalist ideas
Jefferson’s moderation further cemented the gains of the “Revolution of 1800” By absorbing the Federalist program, he showed that change did not need to be disastrous Section V: The “Dead Clutch” of the Judiciary

The Judiciary Act of 1801 was the last important law passed by...
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