The Evolution of the Republican Party between 1800 and 1824 IRG
US History 202
March 30, 2013
Republicans favored states' rights and a strict interpretation of the Constitution. Between 1800 and 1824 Republican controlled the executive office and both houses of congress. While the three republican leaders of this time. Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and James Monroe shared political ideals, they were vastly different leaders. Each effected significant change in our nation.
The Evolution of the Republican Party between 1800 and 1824 In what Jefferson called the “Revolution of 1800”, the Republican Party took control of the presidency and both houses of Congress. Control of those institutions would last for nearly twenty-five years. Republicans favored states' rights and a strict interpretation of the Constitution. The opposition Federalist Party steadily declined during this period. The first three Republican presidents, Thomas Jefferson (1801–09), James Madison (1809–17), and James Monroe (1817–25) were all wealthy, aristocratic southern planters; all three shared the same liberal political philosophy (Brown, 2012). When Thomas Jefferson assumed the presidency in 1800 he “established close ties with both houses of congress”. Jefferson was careful to only nominate individuals who support his programs in an effort to limit in fighting. Jefferson practice political moderation, not removing all Federalist from the government post but instead hoping to convert some to the Republican Party (Divine et al., 2013). Top priority for Republicans was reducing the national debt. To advance this cause Jefferson urged congress to repeal all direct taxes. He also reduced the size of the U.S. Army by fifty percent. Jefferson along with Madison as secretary of state, also helped to double the...