Term Formation

Topics: Translation, Meaning of life, Binary numeral system Pages: 4 (1098 words) Published: May 9, 2013
Seminar 5 b Term formation

Can you separate the underlined words into their word elements and define each element? First think about how you would separate each word and give the meaning of each word element ?                         | Word element| Meaning|

hematologic| | |
venicupuncture| | |
leukocytes| | |
thrombocytes| | |

| Word element| Meaning |
hematologic| Hemato-Logic| BloodRelated to the study of| venicupuncture| veni-puncture| Veinpuncture|
leukocytes| Leuk(o)-cytes| Whitecell|
thrombocytes| Thromb(o)-cytes| Clotcell|

Access the Terminology Tutorial and consider the information provided: http://www.termium.com/didacticiel_tutorial/english/lesson2/page2_5_4_e.html Principles for term formation:
Transparency
A term is considered transparent when the concept it designates can be nferred, at least partially, without a definition. In other words, its meaning is visible in its morphology. To make a term transparent, a key characteristic, usually a delimiting characteristic, is used in the creation of the term itself. It is advisable that only essential or delimiting characteristics not likely to change quickly as a result of technological evolution be used.

ex. chalkboard vs blackboard
Consistency
The terminology of any subject field should not be an arbitrary and random collection of terms, but rather a coherent terminological system corresponding to the concept system. Existing terms and new terms must integrate into and be consistent with the concept system.

ex. synthetic fabrics: nylon, orlon, rayon, dacron etc.
Appropriateness
Proposed terms should adhere to familiar, established patterns of meaning within a language community. Term formations that cause confusion shall be avoided.
ex. genetic engineering vs. genetic manipulation
Linguistic economy
A term shall be as concise as possible. Undue length is a serious shortcoming. It violates the principle of linguistic economy...
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