Teaching Grammar

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PARTICIPANT’S GUIDE

What have I done in my own classroom lately?
1. List what you have done to teach a grammar or mechanics pattern/skill in your own classroom. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Did you thoroughly share many correct models of the skill, both visually and verbally? _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Have you modeled the grammar and/or mechanics skill/pattern in your own writing? _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. Have you modeled how to correct these kinds of errors when they occur? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 5. Have you given the students enough time to practice?

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 6. Is this mechanical or grammatical pattern, skill, or error important enough in the “grand scheme of things” to demand all of this work? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Conventions Domain

5th grade
Conventions
Conventions are essential for reading, writing, and speaking. Instruction in language conventions will, therefore, occur within the context of reading, writing, and speaking, rather than in isolation. The student writes to make connections with the larger world. A student’s ideas are more likely to be taken seriously when the words are spelled accurately and the sentences are grammatically correct. Use of Standard English conventions helps readers understand and follow the student’s meaning, while errors can be distracting and confusing. Standard English conventions are the “good manners” of writing and speaking that make communication fluid. ELA5C1 The student demonstrates understanding and control of the rules of the English language, realizing that usage involves the appropriate application of conventions and grammar in both written and spoken formats. The student a. Uses and identifies the eight parts of speech (e.g., noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, adjective, conjunction, preposition, interjection).

b. Expands or reduces sentences (e.g., adding or deleting modifiers, combining or revising sentences).
c. Uses and identifies verb phrases and verb tenses.
d. Recognizes that a word performs different functions according to its position in the sentence.
e. Varies the sentence structure by kind (declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory sentences and functional fragments), order, and complexity (simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex).

f. Uses and identifies correct mechanics (e.g., apostrophes, quotation marks, comma use in compound sentences, paragraph indentations) and correct sentence structure (e.g., elimination of sentence fragments and run-ons). g. Uses additional knowledge of correct mechanics (e.g., apostrophes, quotation marks, comma use in compound sentences, paragraph indentations), correct sentence structure (e.g., elimination of fragments and run-ons), and correct Standard English spelling (e.g., commonly used homophones) when writing, revising, and editing. 6th grade

Conventions
Conventions are essential for reading, writing, and speaking. Instruction in language conventions will, therefore, occur within the context of reading, writing, and speaking, rather than in isolation. The student writes to make connections...
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