What is socialization? –process of passing on to new members a cultures way of thinking and acting. Transmitting thoughts and behaviours. Allows individual to identify self identity, to assume their new rolls and function in society
-Parents-the first socializers-primary groups that socialize a family. During the early years they directly influence children by who they are and their day to day interactions. Parents exert indirect control over the child’s environment (selecting neighborhood where you want your children to be raised). Indirectly they choose who wil form their child’s friend groups (neighborhood choice). Marital status, sex, sexual orientation, and age of parents shape a child. Parenthood convential order at home, gender division of paid and unpaid—daddy works at home, and mommy goes to work—shows child that’s normalcy, could be different gender of labour somewhere else. Gender specific roles due to life situation of that family
Affects children (institutions)
-schools, media, churches, peer groups, day care, extra curricular programs.
-Siblings- more egalitarian and equal to their peer relationship. Unlike peer relationships, the sibling is inscribed, not optimal, “stuck with family,” older siblings socialize younger siblings—positive--wanting to ride a bike, sharing, communication, attitudes between safe sex, positive relationships, important identity, being strong person, when not to and when to get involved in situations negative—how to use makeup, smoking and drinking, young child figures out how to manipulate parents by watching older siblings, teach skills, attitudes, delinquency and aggressive behaviour, need to know when to stand up to their rights and when to give in
-peer group- once children start day care and school, peers become huge part of their life, parents have power over peers when young, but control is less when children grow up as parents cannot be with them constantly, peer relatipnship being negative, peers having negative affects on children (deliquent behaviour—drinking with peers and blame behaviour that children taking part in), friends affect childrens desirers of consumers, what the leader of the group wants, everyone has to have, children gravitate to those with similar interests—try on several different peer groups and then finally feel comfortable with similar likes, learning to conform to group culture, what is acceptable and what is not, peers can act more like a family than those at home, can be closer than blood bonds, peers can also create a dose of reality for those children that are a centre of reality for their parents lives
Educational system—children learn to act around authority, introduced to many new groups, impact that school has, ie learning a different language, can than have an affect on other family members, formation of gender identities through the curriculum of culture, each school has its own gender regime—masculine and feminine characteristics—ie boys are athletic, strength, power, and others are arts schools, music cultures, etc. that stress certain masculine and feminine traits
Religion-attendance in church is falling in the ages of 25-44 age group, adults are not exposing their children to particular formal/organized religious venues on a regular basis, most kids unaware of Sunday school, fellowship, religion had more social impact 50 years ago than today, spirituality has gone up, but doesn’t mean they are religious
Media-can display media right away through all electronics, many more electronics today, benefits—news, can see what is going on around the world, broader overview of what is going on, more social awareness through media, more multicultural issues, strong women on tv—dora the explorer, ellen degeneres, judge judy, oprah, the good wife (lawyer), Emily md, modern family, will and grace negatives—cyber bullying, gender roles, racism, sexism, ageism,...