Sociology Notes

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Sociology Exam 3

1.

Affirmative Action

pos efforts to recruit minority grp mem/ women for jobs, promotions, edu opportunities; argued that discrimination will shift to Whites ex.: height/ residency requirements, testing differ w/ culture- sherpas: olf value independence, own homes/ good physical cond; fulani: old move to edge of homestead where ppl are buried, socially viewed as dead prejudice/ discrimination based on person's age -endogamy: restrictions of mate selection to ppl in same grp; reinforce cohesiveness of grp -exogamy: select mate outside certain grps (incest) -homogamy: tendency to select mate w/ personal characteristics similar to own -person flees/ asks gov for protection (Cubans exempted- can auto stay) -created by war, drought- gov chooses -patriarchy/ matriarchy: soc where men/ women dom decision making -equalitarian: spouses regarded as equal 1.UNEQUAL TREATMENT (created/ maintained by predjudice, suffer various disadvantages) 2. physical/ cultural traits: distinguish from dom grp (socially visible) 3. ascribed status 4. solidarity: feeling of in/ out grp intense 5. in grp marriage (endogamy): discourage marriage w/ outsiders/ dom society unwilling to marry inferior 6. sense of terriotoriality/ ethnocentrism 7. membership serve as master status -enjoy higher living standard than ever b/ fore -9% live below poverty line maintenance political, economic, and cultural domination over ppl by foreign power--extended period ex. Europe (sim to rel b/w capitalist/ proletariat (Marx)) use race neutrality to defend racially unequal status quo (pub welfare assistance, fin aid to college students, min closely rel to urban decay, poverty, welfare est w/ ppl that we feel will not judge us on ascribed statuses semi-periphery: countries w/ marginal eco status periphery: poor developing countries 1. voluntary migration: immigration-ppl coming in/ emigration- ppl leaving 2. involuntary migration: slaves 3. annexation: Hawii, Puerto Ricans, Mexicans 4. colonialism: native americans 5. refugees industrialized nations continue to exploit dev countries for own gain thru colonialism/ multinational corps (conflict)denial of opportunities/ equal rights to ind/ grps b/c prejudice/ other arbitrary reasons; unequal treatment; based on perceptions (prejudice attitudes doesn't equal discriminatory beh) concentrate on discrimination rather than privilege of dom grp prevents a defendant from being tried a second time for the same crime former slaves not citizens native americans not citizens use of nondenominational prayer in NY schools inconsistent w/ 1st amendment (1962) -cant sponsor/ promote rel observance/ prayer neighborhoods where people from similar cultures live together/ assert cultural distinction from the dominant group

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age stratification ageism aspects of mate selection asylees and refugees authority patterns characteristics of minority groups

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characteristics of the elderly colonialism color blind racism comfort zones core, semi-periphery, periphery nations creation of minority group status

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11. 12.

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dependency theory discrimination dominant group double jeopardy Dred Scott v. Stanford Elk v. Wilkins Engle v. Vitale ethnic enclaves

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16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

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ethnic group ethnicity ethnocentrism euthanasia: passive and active family family types

grp set apart from others b/c of national origin/ distinctive cultural patterns (cultural dif, sense of ingroup/ territoriality, soc discrimination, ethnocentrism) national origin/ cultural patterns distinguish from others -convenient to obscure def w/i ethnic categories, not always noticeable/ b/comes indistinguishable over time tendency to assume culture/ way of life as superior to other's (judge culture against own) -deliberate withholding of drugs/ other life-sustaining treatment -deliberate injection of lethal drugs into terminally ill patient (physician assisted suicide)...
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