Sociology Notes

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Sociology Exam 3


Affirmative Action

pos efforts to recruit minority grp mem/ women for jobs, promotions, edu opportunities; argued that discrimination will shift to Whites ex.: height/ residency requirements, testing differ w/ culture- sherpas: olf value independence, own homes/ good physical cond; fulani: old move to edge of homestead where ppl are buried, socially viewed as dead prejudice/ discrimination based on person's age -endogamy: restrictions of mate selection to ppl in same grp; reinforce cohesiveness of grp -exogamy: select mate outside certain grps (incest) -homogamy: tendency to select mate w/ personal characteristics similar to own -person flees/ asks gov for protection (Cubans exempted- can auto stay) -created by war, drought- gov chooses -patriarchy/ matriarchy: soc where men/ women dom decision making -equalitarian: spouses regarded as equal 1.UNEQUAL TREATMENT (created/ maintained by predjudice, suffer various disadvantages) 2. physical/ cultural traits: distinguish from dom grp (socially visible) 3. ascribed status 4. solidarity: feeling of in/ out grp intense 5. in grp marriage (endogamy): discourage marriage w/ outsiders/ dom society unwilling to marry inferior 6. sense of terriotoriality/ ethnocentrism 7. membership serve as master status -enjoy higher living standard than ever b/ fore -9% live below poverty line maintenance political, economic, and cultural domination over ppl by foreign power--extended period ex. Europe (sim to rel b/w capitalist/ proletariat (Marx)) use race neutrality to defend racially unequal status quo (pub welfare assistance, fin aid to college students, min closely rel to urban decay, poverty, welfare est w/ ppl that we feel will not judge us on ascribed statuses semi-periphery: countries w/ marginal eco status periphery: poor developing countries 1. voluntary migration: immigration-ppl coming in/ emigration- ppl leaving 2. involuntary migration: slaves 3. annexation: Hawii, Puerto Ricans, Mexicans 4. colonialism: native americans 5. refugees industrialized nations continue to exploit dev countries for own gain thru colonialism/ multinational corps (conflict)denial of opportunities/ equal rights to ind/ grps b/c prejudice/ other arbitrary reasons; unequal treatment; based on perceptions (prejudice attitudes doesn't equal discriminatory beh) concentrate on discrimination rather than privilege of dom grp prevents a defendant from being tried a second time for the same crime former slaves not citizens native americans not citizens use of nondenominational prayer in NY schools inconsistent w/ 1st amendment (1962) -cant sponsor/ promote rel observance/ prayer neighborhoods where people from similar cultures live together/ assert cultural distinction from the dominant group


age stratification ageism aspects of mate selection asylees and refugees authority patterns characteristics of minority groups

3. 4.





characteristics of the elderly colonialism color blind racism comfort zones core, semi-periphery, periphery nations creation of minority group status



11. 12.



dependency theory discrimination dominant group double jeopardy Dred Scott v. Stanford Elk v. Wilkins Engle v. Vitale ethnic enclaves


16. 17. 18. 19. 20.



ethnic group ethnicity ethnocentrism euthanasia: passive and active family family types

grp set apart from others b/c of national origin/ distinctive cultural patterns (cultural dif, sense of ingroup/ territoriality, soc discrimination, ethnocentrism) national origin/ cultural patterns distinguish from others -convenient to obscure def w/i ethnic categories, not always noticeable/ b/comes indistinguishable over time tendency to assume culture/ way of life as superior to other's (judge culture against own) -deliberate withholding of drugs/ other life-sustaining treatment -deliberate injection of lethal drugs into terminally ill patient (physician assisted suicide)...
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