Smc 1301 Foundations of Reflection: Civilization

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SMC civilization historical
Terms that are up on the board you need to know the ones crossed out you don’t need to know but should be in the notes. Mediterranean world- BCE=BC CE=AD Hellenistic period starts with alexander the great conquering the east Mediterranean everyone learns Greek (kione/ common) Greek is common culture . Roman republic takes over Mediterranean and adopt the Greek culture during the 700 year period Europe Africa and Asia are more connected than they will be until the 20th century. Many people adopt cosmopolitan (citizen of the world) awareness of the unity of humanity Course themes

1. what makes a society civilized?
2. how does the past shape the present?
3. Multiculturalism
4. Political systems
5. Change and adaptation
6. The individual vs. the collective
7. Religious ideas
8. Ethics
9. Gender
10. Humanity vs. the environment
18JAN13
1. Greek
2. Greece
3. Macedon- kingdom
4. Macedonia- region
5. Pella- capital of macedon where Philip II ruled
6. Athens- main city of Greece center for learning
7. Polis- city state
8. Phalanx
9. Hoplite
10. Pan Hellenic institutions- all Greece institutions
11. Barbarian- people who didn’t speak Greek
12. Symposium- drinking party
13. Delphi- temple of Apollo at Delphi controlled by 12 city states 14. Perdiccas III
15. Amyntas IV
16. Philip II of macedon
17. Alexander the great
18. Thebes
19. Olympias
20. Philip III arrhidaeus
Geology- Atlas pages 50, 62
Choosing a paper topic- storey pages 1-24 academic search complete (in the library) Jstor.org UTSA or trinity has full access to Jstor. If you use Wiki cite it Greek identity- 800-500 BCE topography of Greece rocky soil food through trade very mountainous hard to travel people are separated out Greece doesn’t develop as a political unit instead develop city states. City governs the farmland surrounding it. Almost all were aristocratic and xenophobic (don’t trust strangers) eventually begin to develop common identities. Don’t drink beer and don’t drink wine neat (they water it down) religious beliefs are similar. Development of institutions i.e. the Olympics Olympic winners got fame and free meals done at a temple dedicated to Zeus seen as a form of worship had about one event per year. Develop pan Hellenic temples most famous was the temple of Apollo at Delphi the steam in the cavern created a hallucinogenic. Greeks were now getting together a lot around 600 BCE Greek history- greeks begin to develop a new form of warfare featuring the hoplite (large shield, 9ft spear, helmet, breast plate and greaves) most people can afford this. Develop the phalanx shield walls in rows 8 deep where spears can be used over head phalanx battle had few casualties basically were able to take on any army. Phalanx armies toppled every aristocracy installed tyrants as quasi monarchs reverted to democracy or constitutional monarchs. Develop a hatred of aristocracy 500-400 BCE Persian wars. Realized that Greece was too weak spread out and became mostly allied with Athens large navy 1/3 spartans maintained large army began to treat other cities as subjects. 300 thebes was the most powerful city Greeks and Macedonians- (the same???) not exactly the same language very odd dialect. Homer says yes but most disagreed. Language, religion yes culture no. Macedonians ate of plates Greeks did not. Not invited to Pan Hellenic institutions Macedonia before Philip- poor little back water was raided frequently. Philip was sent to thebes as a hostage. Lives among the rich apprentice to the Theban generals and accompanies politicians. Benefits from his hostageship. 359 perdiccas III dies his son Amyntas IV was a child Macedonians got to nominate a king Philip is acclaimed and becomes king. Puts together an army only fights one army Philip of Macedonia

Philip and alexander
23JAN13
Thebes
Sacred wars
Philip III arrhidaeus...
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