Reconstruction

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Key Questions-
1.How do we bring the south back into the Union?
2.How do we rebuild the South after its destruction during the war? 3.How do we integrate and protect newly-emancipate black freedmen? 4.What branch of government should control the process of Reconstruction? Wartime Reconstruction

President Lincoln’s 10% Plan
-Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction (December 8,1863) -Replace majority rule with “loyal rule” in the South
-He didn’t consult Congress regarding Reconstruction
-Pardon to all but the highest ranking military and civilian Confederate officers -When 10% of the voting population in the 1860 election had taken an oath of loyalty and established a government, it would be recognized Wade-Davis Bill (1864)

-Required the “Iron-Clad” Oath
-“State Suicide” Theory
-“Conquered Provinces” Position
13th Amendment
-Ratified in December 1865
-Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States or any place subject to their jurisdiction -Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation -However the Black Code and Jim Crow Laws bypassed some of the 13th Amendment Freedman’s Bureau (1865)

-Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands
-Many former northern abolitionists risked their lives to help southern freedmen -Called “Carpetbaggers” by white southern Democrats
Presidential Reconstruction
President Andrew Johnson
-Jacksonian Demcrat
-Anti-Aristocrat
- Destroy white Supremacist
President Johnson’s Plan (10 %+)
-Offered amnesty upon simple oath except Confederate civil and military officers and those with property over $20,000 -In new constitutions, they must accept minimum conditions repudiating slavery, seccession and state debts -Named provisional governors in Confederate states and called them to oversee elections for constitutional conventions Growing Northern...
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