40 men were recruited for a lab experiment investigating “learning”. In exchange for their participation, each person was paid $4.50.
After the WWII, Stanley Milgram a psychologist of Yale University posed a question, “Could it be that Eichmann and his million accomplices in the Holocaust were just following orders? Could we call them all accomplices?
These men were introduced to another participant who were actually actors. These men were given role as ‘teachers’. The actor who was a ‘learner’ was strapped to a chair in another room with electrodes. After he was given word pairs to memorize, the teacher tested them by naming a word and asking the student to In 1961, Milgram devised a test to recall the pair from four different choices. There was also an see if ordinary law-abiding experimenter giving the teacher instructions. The teacher released people would give a stranger an an electric shock every time the learner made a mistake, electric shock. increasing by 15 volts every time. There were 30 switches from 15 to 450 volts, from slight shock to severe shock. The learner purposefully gave wrong answers which lead to the teacher releasing an electric shock. When the teacher refused to continue, experimenter the experimenter was given orders to say: 1. Please continue. 2. The learner experiment requires you to continue. 3. It is absolutely essential that you continue. 4. You have no other choice, you must go on. teacher
The aim of the experiment was to see if the ‘teachers’ would call a stop to the test or obey the professor and inflict extremely painful shots. Milgram was interested to see how easily ordinary people could be influenced; for example, Germans in WWII.
65% of the participants continued to the highest level finished stopped experiment of 450 volts. All the others continued to 300 volts. Milgram conducted more 35% than one experiment carrying out 18 variations....
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