Psychology 231

Topics: Social psychology, Psychology, Aggression Pages: 9 (2271 words) Published: February 10, 2014
Chapter 1
What is social psychology?
The scientific study of social influence: how people influence each other’s’ thoughts, feelings and actions. What makes it a scientific approach?
Why do we want a scientific approach?
How is social psychology different than common sense, philosophy, poetry, sociology, economics, history, and personality psychology? One big difference is in the level or unit of analysis. Social psychology focuses on the individual in interaction with others and in the social group. In contrast, economics and sociology focus on broad factors beyond the individual such as social economic class, economic theories, or social institutions. What is one of the most common biases people make when interpreting the behavior of others? What is it?. What is construal?

Social psychology focuses on the subjectivity of the social situation. Who introduced the concept? How was it unique?
How do people try to make sense of the world around them? What is this called? How does self-esteem enter the picture?

What is self-justification and who first introduced this to social psychology? What is another name for it?

Chapter 2
What does it mean to say that social psychology is the scientific study of social behavior? What is the “Hindsight bias?
Where do ideas for social psychology experiments come from?
What are the types of methods that social psychologists use? Social psychologists What are the differences between these? What is a positive or negative correlation? How can correlations be misinterpreted and confounded? Why do we conduct psychology experiments and what are their main components? What are the variables that an experimental manipulates and what are the variables the variables the experimenter measures? What are some of the most components of experiments and what are possible problems that can invalidate psychology experiments? What is the difference between mundane and psychological realism? What is the cover story? Why is replication important? What is meta-analysis? What is basic and applied research? Chapter 3

What is social cognition?
What is System 1? What is System 2? What are these mental processes called in the book? What is their tradeoff—their benefits and costs to us? What are schemas and heuristics? Why do we develop them? What are different sorts of stereotypes and scripts? What are the different types of judgmental heuristics? Can you apply these concepts to concrete examples? What is a self-fulfilling prophesy? Who did the first famous study and what did they show? What is change blindness? What does it show us? What is false memory? How valid is eyewitness testimony? What is counterfactual thinking? Thought suppression? Whose theory? Can you apply these to concrete examples?

Chapter 4
What kinds of information help us to form initial impressions of others? What does research on facial expressions tell us about the role of evolution and culture in emotion? What factors can sometimes make it difficult to recognize the emotions of others from their facial expressions? For example, concealment, culture, blending. What kinds of neurons give us the ability to understand the emotions of others, and experience empathy, even if we don’t always have empathy? How do these neurons work? What do we call it when we express emotions with our nonverbal behavior, and what do we call it when we we read or interpret someone else’s nonverbal behavior? What kinds of schemas do we use when we reach conclusions about people from nonverbal behavior or particular traits and infer other traits? What is attribution theory, what does it do, and what are the different kinds of attributions? What is Harold Kelley’s covariation model of attribution? What are the variables in his theory? Can you identify the differences between the variables, and how to apply them to concrete examples and situations? What kinds of attributions are made on the basis...
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