Chapter 1 Power Sharing
Power Sharing in Belgium Belgium is a small country in Europe. Division of Population Flemish (Dutch speaking): 59% Wallonia (French speaking): 40% Remaining 1 % speak German. In the capital city Brussels, 80% people speak French, while the rest speak Dutch. The minority French-speaking community is economically and educationally well-to-do in comparison to the Dutch-speaking majority. For accommodating the interests of the minority and the majority, Belgium adopted a unique system of power sharing. The Belgian Model of Governance The French and Dutch-speaking ministers are in the central government. Some special laws require the support of majority of members from each linguistic group. Many powers of the central government have been given to state governments of the two regions of the country. Brussels has a separate government in which both the communities (French and Dutch) have equal representation. A ‘community government’ exists. It is elected by people belonging to one language community. This government engages with the cultural, educational and languagerelated issues. This kind of governance has prevented a civil strife between the two different linguistic communities. Power Sharing in Sri Lanka Sri Lanka has a diverse population with 74% Sinhala speakers and 18% Tamil speakers. Among Tamils, 13% are called ‘Sri Lankan Tamils’ and the rest ‘Indian Tamils’. Most of the Sinhala-speaking people are Buddhist, while most of the Tamils are Hindus or Muslims. There are about 7 % Christians, who are both Tamil and Sinhala. Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country in 1948. In 1956, Sinhala was recognised as the only official language of Sri Lanka; thus, disregarding Tamil. The governments followed preferential policies that favoured Sinhala applicants for university positions and government jobs. A new constitution stipulated that the state shall protect and foster Buddhism. A feeling of...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document