Physics 2 Lab

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Name:
Lab 201: Electric Field by Point Charges
Section: 121A-H02
Date: February 8, 2012

Objective:
To compute electric field and corresponding field lines caused by point charges using MATLAB.

Theoretical Background:
-electrons are negative, protons are positive
-magnitude of force between A and B is:
, is 8.98755E9.
-electric field is the region around a charged object
-strength of electric field:
=
-electric field lines are used to visually show the field

Procedure:
Our procedure for this lab was very simple. We had to determine a correct MATLAB code to write. We inputted a code into MATLAB and received figure 1.1, the pot of the electric filed of a positive point charge. Our next goal was to plot the graph of the x position of a test charge in the presence of two positive charges versus the total electric filed at that point, we ended up with figure 1.2. We then repeated this plot, but with a positive and negative charge (figure 1.3). Lastly, we proceeded to plot the electric filed with two positive charges using a vector field plot (figure 1.4); and it was repeated for a positively and negatively charged particle in order to receive figure 1.5.

Results:

Figure 1.1

Figure 1.2

Figure 1.3

Figure 1.4

Figure 1.5

Part II

Procedure:
This was just copying code directly from the lab manual and seeing the results of the electric fields for various charged particles.

Data:

Part One Code:

clear all
esp0 = 8.85e-12;
k = 1/(4*pi*esp0);
q1 = 1e-9; %First Charge
q2 = -1e-9; %Second Charge
a = 1;
x = -2.1:0.1:2.1;
E1 = q1*k*(x+a)./abs(x+a).^3;
E2 = q2*k*(x-a)./abs(x-a).^3;
Etotal = E1 + E2;
plot(x, Etotal)
xlabel 'x'; ylabel 'Etotal';
grid on
title 'Total Electric field vs. x';

Part One Graph

Part Two Code:

[x, y] = meshgrid(-2.1:0.2:2.1, -2.1:0.2:2.1);
r1S = (x).^2 + (y-a).^2;
r1 = sqrt(r1S);
r2S = (x).^2 + (y+a).^2;
r2 = sqrt(r2S);
e1x = (x)./r1;
e1y = (y-a)./r1;
e2x = (x)./r2;
e2y...
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