Defeasible – Possibly could be wrong. Defeater, if true could defeat the argument of God’s existence.
Cumulative Cases Approach – don’t believe any one argument gets us to the fact God exists. You have to combine a number of arguments together to make a strong case.
Minimalistic Argument – what are the minimal concepts that God exists – created universe, morally, personal, intellectual creator of the universe.
Arguments for God’s Existence
Classical Arguments – trace back to middle ages and ancient Greece Ontological, Cosmological, Theological, and Moral
Ontological – controversial (Christians and non-christians) Cosmological – God is the best explanation for the existence of the universe. Everything that exists has a cause. Arguing for the existence for a first cause – which we believe is God. Argument by itself just gets us to a first cause.
Argument from Contingency – the universe is contingent – it is not necessary – does not have to exist, just does. If everything in the universe is contingent, than the universe itself is contingent. Currently Contingent – like a light bulb – bulb is only lit when electricity runs through it – universe is currently contingent so something has to be making it contingent, what’s causing that, infinite regress of current causes.
Temporal Argument – Kolom – anything that begins to exist needs a cause.
Big Bang Model – universe began certain amount of time.
First cause – event causation (one event caused another); Agent Cause – person initiates a new series of causes.
Theology – nestians – has intelligence in it’s design, but...