Overview of Flying Crew Training and Licensing

Topics: Aviator, Aviation licenses and certifications Pages: 9 (1717 words) Published: May 21, 2013

Training and Licensing is an important branch of the Operations Department. This branch is required to manage the pilots training requirements. The branch ensures that Pilots undergo the mandatory training syllabi and that their training and license status are current. This department interacts with the DGCA and follow up licensing and rating endorsements with DGCA. The training department is also responsible to monitor pilots’ medical status.

The department plans and executes the training schedule in conjunction with the rostering department so that adequate crew are available to meet the operational commitments while ensuring that the training schedule also does not suffer.


1.Qualified aircrew have to undergo certain amount of ground and simulator training, also called proficiency checks from time to time to continue to use the privileges of their license; by a qualified crew here we mean pilots who are qualified on type of aircraft they are required to fly. Only type rated pilots are qualified to fly.

Initial Training (First Officer)

2.Type Rating Course. The course that one undergoes to qualify on a type of aircraft is called a ‘Type Rating’ course and on successful completion the pilot is considered ‘Type Rated’. The course involves ground school for 6 weeks followed by clearing a DGCA exam and thereafter simulator training syllabus as specified by DGCA for the type of aircraft. Alternately, a pilot can do the entire course in a recognised training establishment abroad, in which case DGCA exam is not mandatory. On completion of above course the pilot has to do a familiarisation flight on the type of aircraft with an examiner which cannot be a revenue flight. Therefore, steps involved in getting type rated are:

(a)Ground School-4/6 weeks
(b)DGCA exam-
(c)Simulator sessions
(i)No. of training sessions depends on the type of aircraft. (ii)Proficiency and instrument rating checks.
iii) Line Oriented Flying Training (LOFT).
d) Familiarisation flight on an aircraft with an examiner.

On completion of above, the documents are sent to DGCA for endorsement. This endorsement is mandatory before commencement of line oriented flying training.

3.Line Oriented Flying Training (LOFT)/Line Flying Under Supervision (LFUS).After type rating endorsement, a pilot undergoes LOFT to get acquainted to company procedures before being utilised as a First Officer (F/O). This training is done on the job on revenue flights. The number of flights is as laid down by the company and normally varies between 20 and 40 sectors. Steps involved: (a)Release check for LOFT by an examiner-one sector. (b)LOFT- 20 to 40 sectors based on company policy. (All flying to be done with a Check Pilot/Instructor/Examiner) (c)Line release check by an examiner- one sector.

After LOFT and line release, the pilot may be utilised on line as a F/O without restriction.

Captain Upgrade Training

4.Ground School and Simulator.A first Officer who meets the criteria for being upgraded as a captain undergoes Captain’ upgrade training. The training involves 5 days of ground classes which may be dovetailed with the annual refresher, followed by DGCA stipulated simulator training. Steps involved: (a)Ground School-5 days

(b)Simulator sessions
(i)No. of training sessions depends on the type of aircraft. (ii)Proficiency and instrument rating checks.
iv) Line Oriented Flying Training (LOFT).

5.LOFT/LFUS.On completion of above training the pilot undergoes LOFT before he is considered to be released for route checks. Steps involved:

a) Release check for LOFT by an examiner – one/two sector(s). (b)LOFT- 20 to 40 sectors based on company policy. (All flying to be done with a Check...
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